Lochner V. New York Supreme Court Case Summary

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At the time of the Lochner v. New York Supreme Court case, the United States was at the end of the Industrial Revolution. The working conditions in many factors and businesses were not the safest they could be or the cleanest. The American labor movement during this time began focusing on working hours. Union workers organized mass strikes all around the country, participated in many electoral campaigns, and commenced legislative intuitions to achieve their goals. The baker’s union in New York lobbied to secure favorable legislation for bakers. The main goal was to cap the number of hours a baker could work each day and each week. Bakers all around believed that they were not fully compensated for work during each day and the risks they take to do their job. During the late 1890s, the state of New York passed what they called a “labor law,” called the Bakeshop Act. The New York …show more content…
They believed the case should not have been overturned by the Supreme Court and that the New York Supreme Court made the correct decision in the first place. Lochner’s critics argue that, “in concluding that there could be actual freedom of contract between employer and employee, the justices in the majority applied a formalistic legal interpretation clashing with the realities of industrial society.” The federal government and state governments weren't meant to be kept separate and states were allowed to make their own decisions without federal interference. By allowing the Supreme Court to overturn this decision and put an end to the Bakeshop Act passed by the state of New York, you are taking away from the powers given to the state governments. I believe each government should be kept separate, but the New York government never should have passed this act because it did not benefit all the people in the