As stated in the text, Logic examines the structure and content of arguments, and helps describe various kinds of arguments. It also evaluates those arguments, seeing why good arguments work and why bad arguments fail ( Mosser, 2011, Sec. 1.1). Studying logic gives us the advantage of knowing how to think critically and reason in order to make the best decisions and/or easily draw the best conclusions in a given situation/argument. Considering the debate over whether prayer should be allowed in public schools has and will probably always be a touchy topic. However, if both sides of the debate use logic in an unbiased way to reason and better understand one another based on the premises given a conclusion on how to handle things can be reached. Logic in this argument allows us to come to the conclusion that prayer cannot be forced upon nor required by anyone especially in the public school system, however, it cannot be forbidden because we hold the rights to pray if so choose to. With that being said, there is logic in the reasoning for both sides. Our text states , What logic cannot doand doesn't try to dois determine whether in fact in the sentences a given argument actually are true. Critical thinking is one tool we can use to evaluate that reasoning. The evaluative skills logic provides can be enormously useful. Critical thinking, then, will help us reason better and improve our abilities to evaluate others' arguments, as well. (Mosser, 2011, Sec.1.3). Logic simply allows us to recognize a valid argument, identify what kind of argument it is, and find out what reasons may or may not be relevant to the conclusion. However, there is so much more that has to be put into many arguments to…
2-3:20 TTr Intro to Logic
Chapter 1, Video 1: What is Logic?
According to professor Gregory, logic is defined as the study of arguments and to distinguish them from unsuccessful and successful. Its also the methods for applying the criteria. The arguments mentioned are a set of statements in which the premises are supposed to support or give reasons for the remaining statement,or conclusion. There are different types of arguments. Logic is also the study of consistency equivalence…
The study of logic is a study of the rules of reasoning by which people arrive at conclusions. Logic is defined popularly as the science of reasoning, but that is not entirely accurate. The term "reasoning merely identifies the practice of drawing conclusions from premises.
Much of the time philosophers study what other people take for granted. They ask "Why?" and "How?" when others are content to accept what seems obvious and in need of no justification. Philosophy thus involves explanations…
definitely formulated premisses” (CP 6.456). In other words, most arguments rest upon unstated premises, or may not be stated at all, as in the case of a photograph, even though a photograph can obviously change someone’s mind. Thus, much of critical thinking involves turning arguments into argumentations.
Features of an argument(ation)
A proposition is a sentence that is either true or false; more specifically, the meaning of a sentence, regardless of its presentation. For example, if it is in…
Philosophy has been defined as “the love of wisdom” (85). Several have affirmed that the study of philosophy will help you become a critical thinker, to see things better than others, and to have a more fulfilling life. I see philosophy as one’s own ideas or belief of certain issues. To reflect and understand ones and other belief system, this definition can cause positive or negative arguments on if and why we should study philosophy. Dr. Seyed Zafer ul Hassan lecture of, Philosophy and The…
UMD Oct. 7th 2013
Logic and Philosophy
Once the meaning theory is settled there will be no further, properly metaphysical,
question to be determined.
Choosing a non-classical logical basis for set theory does not amount to selecting a collection of…
21. Fallacy- A misuse of logic that undercuts or replaces an argument based on claims supported by evidence.
22. Plagiarism- The use of information from another source you’re your own work without citing it.
23. Synthesis- Comparison and contrasting of an object of knowledge with other similar objects.
24. Syllogism- A complete logical statement consisting of a major premise, minor premise, and conclusion.
25. Critical Thinking- Thinking and comprehending in an active…
April 9, 2012
The challenge for critical thinking instruction lies not in convincing people of its value but in developing a model of what to teach and how to teach it. Toulmin's model provides a useful framework for students to examine the ability of an argument to justify rather than prove a point. Utilizing this model can make critical thinking the very means by which students construct knowledge.
Debating, questioning, analyzing…
Phase 2 DB – Sequential Logic Structure
Introduction to Programming Logic
Elie De Jesus
Colorado Technical University
April 17, 2013
A programming language is an artificial language designed to communicate instructions to a machine, particularly a computer. Programming languages can be used to create programs that control the behavior of a machine and/or to express algorithms precisely. The earliest programming languages predate the invention of the computer, and were used to direct…