Poverty is a subject matter that has been the focus of many governments as well as political and economical theorists. As early as the Roman Empire, were Augustus provided food for those who were unable to afford it. However it was not until the early 20th century that Great Britain incorporated a welfare system called ‘National Insurance’. Therefore it is clear that poverty has been a cause for need for governmental organisation, although this does not address the cause and very much the concern of the things that lead to poverty and how to eradicate it. This essay will explore the relationship between anti-social behaviour and poverty, ass well as attempt to get a grip in understanding how the new labour tackle anti social behaviour.
Poverty as defined by Carey.O (1993, 6) as people’s rights but not specific to money but rather he explains where basic needs for food, and shelter are not being met. Furthermore families that are living in overcrowded conditions, such as with over four people sleeping in one room can be identified as a sign of poverty. The British government introduced a method of identifying two broad approaches of two types of absolute poverty. The first condition to be met required the minimum standard of living such as when people cannot obtain enough resources to support them self’s such as food, cloths good shelter Carey.O (1993, 6-7). (York, 1899.7) He formulated standard needs in the poverty line, these need contained rent and heating basic supplies. However (Lord Joseph, 1976, 7) states the British social Attitudes survey found that’s 60% of people agreed that’s poverty is about subsistence, 95% agreed that poverty was living below minimum subsistence and 25 % thought that poverty was relative to the living standards his research shows how absolute poverty is a problematic if there is not enough to eat, then there is poverty.
Furthermore relative poverty transpires when individuals do not enjoy a certain minimum level of living standards as determined by a government relative poverty occurs universally, is said to be increasing, and may never be eliminated.(Peter Townsend 2006, 8-9) explains and argues that poverty can only practically be viewed in relation to incomes as a whole, such as the 'poor' as those with Less than normal yearly income of households of their type. As future research (Pete Alcock, 2006, 4) shows us as a negative result in 1970s communities who grew up in poverty were six times less likely to entre higher education this was one of the major problems because if there was poor education your were most likely to obtain a low income employment, or half of the time 10% were unemployed.
(Pete Alcock, 2006, 17,) Classifies the context of poverty from 1961 till 2001 as a result these poverty trends from the data from the governments annual statistical, figure 2.1 in 1961 levels of poverty extended extensively in Uk, during 1961 till 2001 figures have increased this was caused mostly by single with children. However, this was based on incomes. (Pete Alcock, 2006, 17-18)
Therefore as a result average income rises in UK the number of poverty will rise in addition. If the new labor carries on reducing inequity in income the number of poverty will reduce, conversely conservative governments disagreed in 1980s was not necessarily evidence of growth in poverty as evidence in 1980’s policies were persuaded to increase inequity in income because population was growing so it was about relative in opposition to absolute , (Pete Alcock, 2006, 18)
However people who where rich stayed rich and people who were poor got poorer the essential resources to enable them to participate in a life cycle that exist within a given society .For example, if you cannot afford to have a mealtime then you may not be in absolute poverty but you are surely in relative poverty. (Pete Alcock, 2006, 104-105).
More recently sociologist have focused on what