U.S. History I Honors/AP
Chapter 12 Questions
1- What was Macon’s Bill No.2 and how did it lead to the War of 1812?
Macon’s Bill No.2 was the Congress’ measure to dismantle the embargo completely if the French or British were to stop, the French stopped first so they traded with the French causing war. This lead to the war of 1812 because it showed that America needed to trade with a higher power (France or England) in order to survive.
2- Who were the “war hawks?” From what sections of the United States were they from?
The “war hawks” were young hot heads that replaced the old “submission men,” Most of them were from the South and West.
3- Who were Tecumseh and the Prophet?
Tecumseh and the Prophet, Tenskwatawa, were the two Shawnee brothers. Together they began to weld together a far-flung confederacy of all the tribes east of Mississippi, inspiring a vibrant movement of Indian unity and cultural renewal. They attacked America so we fought back because we though they were connected to the Brititsh
4- What was the Battle of Tippecanoe?
The Battle of Tippecanoe was a battle between William Henry Harrison who gathered a small army and attacked Tecumseh’s headquarters at the junction of the Wabash and Tippecanoe Rivers. Tecumseh wasn’t there, so the Prophet attacked Harrison’s army with a smaller force of Shawnees. This battle made Harrison a national hero and caused Tecumseh to ally with the British in the war of 1812.
5-Why did the proposed U.S. invasion of Canada fail?
The proposed invasion to of Canada failed because the American’s offensive strategy was poorly conceived and the plan lacked leadership. The majority of the Americans were not well trained.
6- What is the significance of the Battle of New Orleans?
The Battle of New Orleans was Americans’ greatest victory as well as the most successful during the war and the last one, giving the American people honor and hope, unleashing a wave of nationalism and self-confidence. The war was fought after the war ended, Andrew Jackson becomes a national hero.
7- What were the terms of the Treaty of Ghent?
The Treaty of Ghent simply stated that both sides were to stop fighting and to restore conquered territory.
8- What was the Hartford Convention?
The Hartford Convention was a convention organized by Massachusetts, where Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, and Vermont secretly discussed their grievances and to seek redress for their wrongs, in Hartford, Connecticut, from December 15 of 1814 to January 5 of 1815, after the Treaty of Ghent was signed.
9- Why is the War of 1812 often called “The Second War of American Independence?”
The war of 1812 is often called “The Second War of American Independence” because a new nation was welded in the roaring furnace of armed conflict, war heroes emerged, Manufacturing prospered behind the wooden wall of the British blockade, breeding greater American independence economically.
10- What was the Rush-Bagot Agreement?
The Rush-Bagot agreement was an agreement between Britain and the United States that severely limited naval arrangements on the Great Lakes between U.S. and Canda.
11- What were three outcomes of the War of 1812?
Three outcomes of the War of 1812 are, a new nation was welded, war heroes emerged, and Canadian patriotism and nationalism also received a powerful stimulus from the clash Manufacturing NationalismWeekend Indian native tribes
12-what were the three components of the American System?
The American System is composed of three parts:
Strong banking system
Network of roads and canals, especially in the burgeoning Ohio Valley
13- What was the Era of Good Feelings?
The Era of Good Feelings was a time of considerable tranquility and prosperity during the early years of Monroe, but the acute issues of the tariff, the bank, internal improvements, and the sale of public lands were being hotly contested,