Essay on Madiosn Era

Submitted By adrianapolitis
Words: 1892
Pages: 8

History Quiz Election of 1788 Candidates: * George Washington- President * John Adams- Vice President * John Jay * First time candidate was elected unanimously * Lame Duck Period: sitting president was elected unanimously * Used to be from November->March, not November->January Cabinet * Appointed by Washington * Needed help 1. Department of Treasury- money- Alexander Hamilton 2. Department of War- war- Henry Knox 3. Department of State- foreign affairs- Thomas Jefferson
Secretaries heads of departments * In the constitution, it allowed for the President to appoint heads of executive departments * Congress- inaugurated for the first time * Washington and Adams were federalists Congress meets in NYC- 1789 * Takes two years * Begin drafting Bill of Rights * 12 amendments- 10 were approved * Designed to protect the people from the federal government (not states) Amendment One * Five Freedoms * Religion * Establishment clause- congress won’t favor one religion over another * Congress won’t favor religion over nonreligion * Free exercise clause- congress will not prohibit your religious practices unless they violate federal law * Speech * Can mean many things * Press * Published lies- slander * Spoken lies- libel * Peaceably Assemble * Protestors * Allowed to be there * Right to Petition the Government * Contact people from the government * Complain * One-way: voting Amendment Two * Right to bear arms * Two clauses 1. Militia: each state shall have a militia 2. Right of the people to keep and bear arms * Written in 1789- ratified in 1791 Amendment Three * Quartering of soldiers * Will not make you house soldiers without permission Amendment Four * Search and Seizure * Right to privacy not expressly there * Not an issue until 1960s (CT) * Government cannot regulate expression Amendment Five * Promised a grand jury * Determines if there’s enough evidence to indite you * Cannot be tried twice for the same crime * Cannot be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process * Due process is the entire process * The government cant take your property without just compensation * 1833: Barron vs. Baltimore you are not allowed to have a grand jury at state level Amendment Six * Right to speedy trial by jury Amendment Seven * Jury trial in civil lawsuits * Right to impartial jury difficult * If you are being sued for under $20, you get no jury * Amendment Eight * Excessive fines, cruel and unusual punishment * Excessive bail shall not be required * Different ways of capitol punishment * Homeless people cannot be fined prejudice Amendment Nine * Nonenumerated rights * People have rights that are not listed in the Constitution * The government cant take your rights away * Ex: privacy Amendment Ten * States rights amendment * If it is a power given to the government not from the constitution, the states are allowed to keep them reserved unless not said in the constitution (driving age)- kept by states, not given to federal government Judiciary Act of 1789 1. Organizes supreme court 2. Allows the court to have as few as five and as many as nine justices 3. Creates three offices: US Attorney, Attorney General, and US Marshal 4. Establishes a system of lower federal courts 5. Writ of Mandamus: the court can for a government official to do its job Economy * Horrible, not strong * The Constitution has the ability to rectify all of the mistakes made * Department of Treasury * Alexander Hamilton is in charge * Pay down debt * Establish foreign credit *…