Essay about Main Examples150714

Submitted By shiyingjin
Words: 1056
Pages: 5

Main Examples - Harvard - LibGuides at Victoria University

Library » LibGuides » Harvard

Admin Sign In

Harvard Tags: bibliography, citation, citing, harvard, reference, reference list, references, referencing, style guide
Last Updated: Jul 14, 2014


Introduction to Harvard Referencing
Harvard - Online Video Guides

Main Examples

Reference Formats

Print Guide
All Examples

RSS Updates

Email Alerts

Sample In-Text References

Sample Reference List

Help & Feedback


Print Page



In-Text & Reference List Examples

Books & eBooks
Material Type

In-Text Example

Reference List Example

Direct Quote

A student's aspirations and attitudes are influenced by 'the interplay of class alongside other equally important factors including for example, gender, ethnicity, levels of trust, selfconfidence and self-identification' (Fuller 2011,
p. 162).
Self-identification is one of many factors that influence a student's aspirations (Fuller 2011).

Fuller, C 2011, Sociology, gender and educational aspirations: girls and their ambitions, Continuum International, New York.

Book: Single Author
Indirect Quote

Book: 2 or 3 Authors According to Weinberg and Gould (2011)
this is evident (Weinberg & Gould 2011)

Weinberg, RS & Gould, D 2011, Foundations of sport and exercise psychology, Human
Kinetics, Champaign, IL.

Book: More Than 3

Allen et al. (2011) have found...
Special events are a celebration (Allen et al.

Allen, J, O'Toole, W, Harris, R & McDonnell, I 2011, Festival and special event management, 5th edn, John Wiley & Sons, Milton, QLD.

Book: Editor

(ed. Ashwin 2006)
edited by Ashwin (2006)

Ashwin, P (ed.) 2006, Changing higher education: the development of learning and teaching, Routledge, London.
When more than one editor, use (eds.).

Chapter or part of a
Book to which a number of authors have contributed

Boud (2006, p. 23) states that self-directed learning... Boud, D 2006, 'Aren't we all learner-centred now?: the bittersweet flavour of success', in P Ashwin (ed.), Changing higher education: the development of learning and teaching, Routledge, London, pp. 19–32.

Book: Organisation as Author

(Australian Bureau of Statistics 2011)

Australian Bureau of Statistics 2011, 2011 Census dictionary, cat. no. 2901.0, ABS,

Multiple works same author Marketing requires matching your customers needs (McDonald & Payne 1996, 2006)
McDonald and Payne (1996, 2006) state...

McDonald, M & Payne, A 1996, Marketing planning for services, ButterworthHeinemann, Oxford.

'...optimistic, indepenent yet good at collaboration' (Tapscott, cited in El-Shamy
2004, p.25).
Provide names of both authors.

El-Shamy, S 2004, How to design and deliver training for the new and emerging generations, Wiley, San Francisco.

When referring to the ideas or words of an author who has been cited in the article you are referencing Provide the names of all authors in the reference list.

McDonald, M & Payne, A 2006, Marketing plans for service businesses: a complete guide, 2nd edn, Elsevier Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford.

Provide the reference for the book that you actually read.

Journal Articles[15/07/2014 2:34:37 PM]

Main Examples - Harvard - LibGuides at Victoria University

Material Type

In-Text Example

Reference List Example

Direct quote

According to Cant (2010, p. 82),
'undernutrition in hospital patients is a condition that requires serious examination'.
Cant (2010) suggests that there is a need for more research into the nutritional screening of patients.

Cant, RP 2010, 'Investing in patients' nutrition: nutrition risk screening in hospital', Australian Journal of Advanced Nursing, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 81-87.

Material Type

In-Text Example

Reference List Example

Newspaper: Print

(Gordon 2011)

Gordon, M 2011, 'The boat that changed it all',