Components of Organizational Behavior
Understanding the motivation for behavior of individual employees, groups, teams or departments is a critical tool for managers. The organizational structure can also influence how people, groups and managers relate to one another and as such can either ensure or deter high levels of performance. (George, 2012) Once the reason for the behavior is identified, managers can take effective action to correct, (if negative), or promote, (if positive), to reach desired results or goals. Understanding how the organization as a whole contributes to individual and group behavior affords managers the opportunity to have a much larger impact when addressing big picture objectives utilizing the perspective of how individuals and groups disseminate information and the filters through which communications may be flowing. Without such knowledge, a manager’s decision making tools would be severely limited and likely based on assumption rather than understanding.
The components of organizational behavior offer a comprehensive view from three levels that enable manager to better understand the motivation for behavior. The first level examines the behavior of individuals within the organization. This level involves the study of learning, perception, creativity, motivation, personality, turnover, task performance, cooperative behavior, deviant behavior, ethics, and cognition. Individual differences in these areas will have an impact as to how each employee will respond to a workplace environment as well as within a workplace environment.
The second level addresses how organizational behavior at the group or team level impacts both the individual and the organization. This level examines group dynamics, intra-and inter group conflict and cohesion, interpersonal communication, leadership and roles. Different personality types correspond to different leadership styles and the effects of those styles as analyzed at a group level. This level includes examining the impact of managers and leaders, as well as politics and power.
The third level addresses the organization as a whole and the bearing that organizational culture and structure has on the behavior of both individuals and groups within the organization. Organizational culture has a strong impact on management. Assumptions, values, norms, and attitudes from top level management to a base hourly employee will pattern and shape an organization. This level would include also include topics such as diversity, inter-organizational cooperation and conflict, change, technology, and external environmental forces, as well as globalization. (Janicijevic, 2012)
There are multiple personalities in my business area, as well as skills and abilities. Each of us have individual strengths and weaknesses. We all have good work ethics and values, however moods and emotions do run rampant at times. This can be detrimental when it comes to motivation and stress levels. We also have a lot of issues with work-life balance because of the amount of work that we have. We have over sixty-four routine maintenance areas and each area is assigned to one of us. There currently is one manager, one team lead, one team lead in training, an intern, and two analyst. The majority of the budgeting and forecasting is done by the two analyst.
Due to what I perceive as