“Nisa: The Life and Words of a !Kung Woman” by Marjorie Shostak In the book, “Nisa: The Life and Words of a !Kung Woman,” written by Marjorie Shostak; is a culturally shocking and extremely touching book about a woman who had gone through many struggles and horrific tragedies in her life. This book also emphasizes the perspective of most of the women in the society. There are many striking issues in this book that the people of the !Kung tribe go through. Marjorie Shostak, an anthropologist who had written this book had studies the !Kung tribe for two years. Shostak had spent the two years interviewing the women in the society. The !Kung tribe resided n the Dobe area of Northwest Botswana, that’s infused with a series of clicks, represented on paper by exclamation points and slashes. Shostak had studied that the people of the tribe relied mostly on nuts of the mongongo, which is from an indigenous tree that’s part of their diet. Shostak, out of all the women in the tribe had made close connections with a fifty year old woman with the name of Nisa. The woman, Nisa, is what the book is about. The book is written in Nisa’s point of view of her life experiences while growing up in that type of society. Nisa’s willingness to speak in the interviews about her childhood and her life gave Shostak a solid basis on what to write her book on. Nisa’s life was filled with tragedies. She had gone through certain situations where Nisa loses two of her children as infants and two as adults. She had also lost her husband soon after the birth of one of their children. According to Shostak, “None of the women had experiences as much tragedy as Nisa…” (Shostak, 351). Shostak, when interviewing Nisa, considers that in the beginning of the book, Nisa seems to exaggerate the stories from when she was an infant. Although the stories are exaggerated by Nisa, a lot of women can relate to her life even with the geographic distance between them or if the society is completely different. Women of the same age can relate to Nisa, or if they went through the same situations like her. Certain women, even in America, have gone through a situation where they had to bury their own child or if they have lost a husband. This book had first started out by introducing the readers to what this book is going to sound like, which was the Introduction. Then once the introduction was read, Shostak had written it in a way that the book is in Nisa’s point of view. Nisa had her own words in the book talking about her life as an infant. As an infant, parents, in general, in the !Kung tribe are very focused on their children. The parents in that tribe make sure their children are healthy and nursed. One of the situations that occurred in Nisa’s life was in the beginning of the book when her little brother was on the way for delivery and Nisa had always cried since she was not being nursed. Every time Nisa had cried, her father had threatened to beat her and when that threat was made, she had to automatically be quiet or Nisa would tell her mother that her father was going to beat her. Telling her mother would help in a way because mothers also have an equal say in things in that type of society. Every person in that particular society has a say in things, and they are all equal. Because Nisa had cried every time, her mother, because Nisa was getting extremely skinny since she was not being nursed, her mother had delivered her son and had told Nisa to get a digging stick. When Nisa’s mother had asked for this, she started crying again and tried to convince her mother not to go through with the burial and to just nurse her little brother and not worry about herself. Not being able to convince her mother, Nisa had to walk all the way back into where there are people, crying on the way, a person had stopped her and was wondering what was wrong. When Nisa was stopped, she had told the person what her mother was going to do, and they both ran back to her mother and had stopped…
Sovereignty: The Seminole Tribes
The Nation -
The Seminole tribe is the product of an ethno-cultural blending of the Creek peoples from the lower-central Southeast with indigenous Floridian tribes such as the Choctaw, Timuquan and Apalachicolas, some of whom were part of the Muschogean culture. The meaning of the word “Seminole” has been interpreted, loosely, as “runaway” or “broken off” (McReynolds 1957, 12). This refers to the separation of the Lower Creek peoples from the larger tribe, as described by…
The Sioux Tribe
The Sioux tribe was first discovered on the eastside of the Mississippi River in the 17th century. They started out as 20-30 people. Then some of them were transported away to South Dakota.
Late in the 17th century the Sioux was in a brutal war against the French. The French were trying to gain advantage…
The Munda Tribe
The Munda tribe is an indigenous tribe to India that lives a sedentary lifestyle in both the forests and on plateaus. Munda usually refers to a group of languages, but the tribes that speak it have collectively become known as Munda (Parkin, 1996). Their subsistence comes from agriculture, paid labor, hunting and gathering, animal husbandry, and fishing (NativePlanet, 2004). Their language is Mundari, their religion is influenced by…
1. In the !Kung society the more women account for labor & sharing in providing for subsistence, not merely child rearing, the more equal in society they are. Woman may own land or watering holes in which they have inherited, that no man can take away; they gather food and have to know the difference between many different kinds of plants, and they contribute a lot to the subsistence of the villages in which they live. Women’s roles are essential to the survival of the !Kung and without women…
The Strongest Tribe: War, Politics, and the Endgame in Iraq. By Bing J. West. New York: Random House Trade Paperbacks, 2009. ISBN 978-0-8129-7866-7. Maps. Photographs. Afterword. Appendices. Notes. Bibliography. Index. Pp. 464. $17.00.
In response to the destruction of the Twin Towers in New York City by al Qaeda and incorrect intelligence of Weapons of Mass Destruction, or WMDs, being held in Iraq by Saddam Hussein, U.S. military and other…
Tribes is a program which is formed by distributing boys and girls, students of high and low acceptance and students of different learning abilities into community groups which stay together over the course of a school year. It motivates students by giving them the feeling of being included and valued in a group. There are many benefits to this approach.
The first benefit I found is that it takes away the feeling of being excluded form a group. I remember from personal experience that it hurts…
An incorporated group of Sioux into the Cheyenne tribe.
8. Grey Hair – Fixed legs, said to have a large proportion of children with grey hair.
9. Prognathous Jaws (big jaws) – Deer dance, war path.
Masscam (Animal dance) – Arrow Keepers, ancient way of relating to animals
10. Poor – haunowa, origin of name is unknown
Additional Notes: Sioux – Tai – Either persecuted, some group has them on the run, encroachment by other tribes taking their food causing them to go hungry, taking…
Marriage is a fundamental practice that influences village dynamics and political processes in many societies in past and present human cultures. Not only is marriage a process that supports human kinship systems, it allows for alliances and reciprocity systems between groups that create variation in human social organization (Walker et al. 2011). This paper explores the sources of variation in marriage and mating systems in two very different societies, the !Kung San and the Yanomamo, in terms of…
Francis Lagueu Fogang
Professor C. Somin
English 1C - 6412
4 June 2014
Culture and Civilization of the Massaii tribe
Famous American anthropologist and social theorist Clyde Kluckholm , claims in one of his publication that “Every language is also a special way of looking at the world and interpreting experience concealed in the structure of language…
around the world including the !Kung. The !Kung population is located in the Kalahari Desert, in isolated parts of Botswana, Angola, and Namibia. The !Kung live in a harsh environment with temperatures during the winter frequently below freezing, but during the summer well above 100F. The !Kung, like most hunter-gatherer societies, have a division of labor based mainly on gender and age.
(Body) Gender in the Division of Labor
For the most part in the !Kung society the men do the hunting…