martin Luther king jr was born on January 15th 1929 in Alabama Georgia as Michael Luther king but later in his life changed his name to Marin Luther King. when king was young he was raised under the Christian religion this was mainly because both his Father and his grandfather were preacher for the local church. although king was raised as a Christian he did not agree with all of their ideals. most shocking was his Initial Argument and denial of Jesus resurrection at Sunday school at age 13.
King graduated from the More house college in 1948. After considering careers in medicine and law he decided to take up a Career in Ministry and follow the footsteps of his father and grandfather. while studying at Crozer theological seminary in Pennsylvania he heard a lecture on Mahatma Ghandi. Over the next few days, weeks and months he studied a lot on the ways of mahatma Gandhi.
After the arrest of Rosa parks in 1955 King and his friends decided that they would go on a Non-violent protest to end bus segregation. this protest worked.
After this protest martin Luther king was put as the now leader of the civil rights movement. because of all the stuff that he had done the President had created the 1957 civil rights act. what this act did was end segregation on buses and stuff like that.
After the success of the Montgomery Bus boycott king wrote the book strive towards freedom. During a book signing somebody came up and stabbed Martin Luther King. nobody knows why but he did it.
In Greensboro, North Carolina, a small group of black students read the book and decided to take action themselves. They started a student sit-in at the restaurant of their local Woolworth's store which had a policy of not serving black people. In the days that followed they were joined by other black students until they occupied all the seats in the restaurant. The students were often physically assaulted, but following the teachings of King they did not hit back.
Harris Wofford was involved in negotiations with John F. Kennedy and Richard Nixon during the 1960 Presidential Campaign. He later recalled: "He (King) was impressed and encouraged by the far-reaching Democratic civil rights platform, and preferred to use the campaign period to negotiate civil rights commitments from both candidates, but particularly from Kennedy." After his election victory Kennedy appointed Wofford as his Special Assistant for Civil Rights. Wofford also served as chairman of the Subcabinet Group on Civil Rights. during the 1960 campaign John f Kennedy called for a new civil rights act. over 70% of black voters voted for Kennedy but it would take Kennedy another 2 years to create this new civil rights act.
The Birmingham campaign was a strategic effort by the SCLC to promote civil rights for African Americans. Many of its tactics of "Project C" were developed by Rev. Wyatt Tee Walker, Executive Director of SCLC from 1960–64. Based on actions in Birmingham, Alabama, its goal was to end the city's segregated civil and discriminatory economic policies. The campaign lasted for more than two months in the spring of 1963. To provoke the police into filling the city's jails to overflowing, King and black citizens of Birmingham employed nonviolent tactics to flout laws they considered unfair. King summarized the philosophy of the Birmingham campaign when he said, "The purpose of ... direct action is to create a situation so crisis-packed that it will inevitably open the door to negotiation"..
Protests in Birmingham began with a boycott to pressure businesses to offer sales jobs and other employment to people of all races, as well as to end segregated facilities in the stores. When business leaders resisted the boycott, King and the SCLC began what they termed Project C, a series of sit-ins and marches intended to provoke arrest. After the campaign ran low on adult volunteers, SCLC's strategist, James Bevel, initiated the action and recruited the