Med Ren Timeline Essay

Submitted By 4vracing
Words: 1464
Pages: 6

~ca. 3500­300­ B.C.E. Rise of Sumerian cities
~ca. 1300­ Cuneiform writing established

~ca. 2500­ Royal tombs at Ur built

~ca. 2300­ Enheduanna composes her hymns

~ca. 1800­ Babylonian writings about music

~ca. 1400­1250­ Oldest nearly complete piece
~1000­973 B.C.E.­ Reign of King David in Israel

~ca. 800­ Rise of Greek city­states
~ca. 800­ Homer, Illiad and Odyssey

~753­ Rome founded
~587­538 Hebrew captivity in Babylon

~ca. 500­ Pythagoras Dies

~ca. 500­ Roman Republic begins

~485­ Aeschylus, Agamemnon

~408­ Euripides, Orestes


~ca. 380­ Plato, Republic

~ca. 330­ Aristotle, Politics

~ca. 330­ Aristoxenus, Harmonic Elements

~146­ Greece becomes province of Rome

~128­127­ Second Delphic Hymn to Apollo
composed

~29­19­ Virgil, Aeneid

~27 B.C.E.­ Rome becomes empire under Augustus

st
~1
Century C.E­ Epitaph of Seikilos
~63 B.C.E.­ Romans conquer Jerusalem
~ca. 33 C.E.­ Crucifixion of Jesus

~70­ Romans destroy the Temple of Jerusalem

~98­117­ Roman Empire reaches its peak

~ca. 127­148­ Ptolemy, Harmonics
~135­ Romans destroy Jerusalem and expel the Jews



nd
~2
Century­ Cleonides, Harmonic Introduction

th
~4
Century­ Aristides Quintilianus, On Music
~313­ Emperor Constantine issues Edict of Milan,
legalizing Christianity

~392­ Christianity becomes the Official Roman
religion

~395­ Separation of Eastern and Western Roman
empires

th
~Early 5
Century­ Martianus Capella, the Marriage
of Mercury and Philology
~476­ End of Western Roman Empire

~ca. 500­510­ Boethius, De institutione musica

~ca. 530­ Rule of St. Benedict, guide for monasteries
in the West

~590­604­ Pope Gregory 1 (The Great)

th
~Late 7
Century­ Schola Cantorum established

~751­768­ Reign of Pepin the Short, King of the
Franks


~768­814­ Reign of Charlemagne

~800­ Charlemagne crowned Emperor by Pope

~843­ Death of Louis the Pious, Charlemagne’s
empire divided

~ca. 850­900­ Musica enchiriadis and Scolica
enchiriadis
~ca. 992­96­ Wulfstan of Winchester, polyphony in
Winchester Troper

th
~Late 10
Century­ Quem queritis in presepe

~1000­1300­ European population triples

~1014­ Last major item (Credo) added to Mass

~ca. 1020­50­ Wipo, Victimae paschali laudes

~1025­28­ Guido de Arzzo, Micrologus
~ca. 1050­ Windmills and water­powered mills
provide mechanical power
th
~11
century­ Romanesque churches and
monasteries



~1054­ Split between Roman and Byzanitne
churches

~1066­ Battle of Hastings: England falls to Normans

~1095­99­ First Crusade



















~ca. 1100­ Song of Roland

~1146­ Adam of St. Victor Dies

~ca. 1151­ Hildegard of Bingen, Ordo virtutum


th
~12
Century­ Cult of Virgin Mary

th
~12
Century­ Universities of Bologna, Paris and
Oxford established

~ca. 1100­ ad organum faciendum

~1109­ Death of St. Anselm, founder of
Scholasticism

th
~ 12
Century­ Aquitanian polyphony

~ca. 1140­ First Gothic buildings













~1150’s­ ca. 1201­ Leoninus at Cathedral of Paris

~ca. 1160­ Construction of Notre Dame of Paris
Begins


















~ca. 1200­ Perotinus at Notre Dame of Paris
~ca. 1200­ Comtess de Dia, A Chantos


th
~Early 13
Century­ Early Motets
~1208­ Pope Innocent III declares crusade against
Albigensians

~1209­ St. Francis of Assisi founds Franciscan order

~ca. 1215­ St. Claire founds Order of Poor Clares
~1215­ Magna Carta signed by King John of
England





















~1216­ St. Dominic founds Dominican Order


~1225­1274­ St. Thomas Aquinas

~ca. 1228­ Walther von der Vogelweide,
Palästinalied

~1270­ Seventh Crusade

~ca. 1270­90­ Cantigas de Santa Maria

~ca. 1284­ Adam de la Halle, Jeu de Robin et de
Marion



~ca. 1250­ Sumer is icumen in

~ca. 1260­ Johannes de Garlandia (?), De
mensurabili musica…