One key element that separates humans from animals is memory. Who we are and who we become is shaped by our environment and equally as much, if not more, by the memories of our experiences. Memory is often unreliable though, and is easily influenced. The same event described by several different people will result in several different accounts. Despite memories being skewed by perspective they are one of the building blocks of our personality, and critical to our experiences as humans. Christopher Nolan’s 2000 movie Memento, through its color formatting, dialogue, point of view, and mosaic sequencing, is a compelling examination at how our interpretations of memories influence our reality. Memento stars Leonard Shelby, a former insurance investigator, who is trying to find the second man involved in the rape and murder of his wife. His goal is simply to take the life of the man to make up for the death of his own loved one. His investigation is hindered by the fact that Leonard has no short-term memory. During the attack on his wife Leonard suffered brain damage, and is unable to create short-term memories. Leonard’s long-term memory remains intact but he is unable to remember anything since the attack. To combat this condition he relies on a series of tattoos, Polaroid snap shots, and scribbled notes to seek out the killer. In his search Leonard is aided, or perhaps hindered, by Teddy and the mysterious Natalie. Through the development of his search the effects of how our memories guide our reality are displayed. Most movies that involve memories and loss of memories are written from the point of view of an outsider looking in; and they examine the effects that memory loss has on others. Memento takes this convention and flips it, allowing the viewers to see the world from the mind of someone with no ability to create memories. By showing the events from a first person point of view the viewer is unsure of not only the truth in others, but also in Leonard himself. This lack of knowledge allows many aspects of this movie to be interpreted, through our own memories and experiences, in more then one way. By not having a final “definitive” answer to the movies truths each moviegoer may have a completely different vision of the events within the movie. By creating a different vision for different viewers Nolan is able to demonstrate that our memories create our own realities and allow us to have different interpretations. Memento creates a sense of sympathy for the protagonist through the mosaic sequencing of events. The story begins at the end and ends the beginning. This approach seems confusing at first and creates chaos in the viewers mind. It is this approach that creates a sense of being adrift within the story line and allows viewers to “feel” how Leonard feels. Like Leonard we have no clear indication of what has happened before each moment in time. This mosaic approach allows the viewer to feel the same frustration that Leonard does. By not knowing the events that
films in realism (Wardak). His films are similar visually and often include conservative camera angles and aerial extreme long shots to establish locations (Wardak). This use of aerial extreme long shots can be seen in Memento, The Dark Knight, and Inception. The first scene of Memento begins with an aerial shot so the viewer can establish the scale of the environment. This technique can also be seen in The Dark Knight when Batman is preparing to capture Lau, Nolan establishes the scale of the skyscrapers…
construction paper and write the
title of the book down the side of the
paper. For each letter in the title,
construct a sentence that begins
with that letter and that tells something significant about the story.
15. Cartoon squares. Create
a series of six drawings in six
squares that shows a significant
event in the novel. Under each picture or cartoon, write a few lines of
16. Word collage. Write the
title of the book in the center of a
sheet of paper. Then look through…
Paper 1: Memoir
The main purpose of this assignment is for students to showcase their non fiction prose, to present one incident, event, or experience that has changed their lives or made them into the people they have become today. This specific incident is called the memoir in the writing world. To get ideas and for a better understanding of the memoir, please read the model student paper below.
Choose an event, situation, or experience that has had a tremendous impact…
Viewing/Paper of Sweet Charity
The movie Sweet Charity begins with Charity singing through Central Park with her ‘boyfriend’ Charlie. Hopelessly romantic and optimistic, Charity believes they will get married and even has a tattoo of his name on her arm. However, as Charity is about to make a wish, Charlie pushes her off a bridge and steals her entire lifesavings. In denial about what happened Charity returns to her work as a Dance Hall Hostess at the Fandango Ballroom and tries…
Bernini’s Tombs for Pope Urban VIII and Alexander VII
In his lifetime Bernini was commissioned to create several memorials a few of them being the Memorial of Maria Raggi which is located in the Santa Maria sopra Minerva in Rome which was a small and intimate memorial for a nun (Bernstock, 1980) and the Bust of Monsignor Pedro de Foix Montoya which is in situ at the Santa Maria di Monserrato and also in Rome and started a revelation…
ingredients needed to ensure everything that is needed is there to make a good film. Movies that engage the audience and take them to another world for the duration of the film, are the ones that are most likely to be thought of as “good” and this paper will discuss all that goes into a film to make that possible.
One of the main things that contribute to whether or not a film will be considered good is if the movie is unified. Creating a unified movie means that the film is well rounded while…
circle around the water, checking out different Cherry Blossom trees in your path gives you a chance to check out the Cherry Blossom Festival tents that were set on the pathway nearby. The festival tents offer different types of food, as well as mementos from the festival for purchase, like t-shirts multitude of activities and cultural events. I choose to sit on a bench between the Ranger station and Sylvan Theater by the Washington Monument. My leading focus was on the people who actually came…
Sustained economic growth, not sustainable development had become the driving force in Canadian history. During this age of explosive growth and perceived infinite resources, not many paid attention to environmental issues. The focal point of this paper is to illustrate histories that speak as much for the earth and its creatures as it does for the humans that caused their extinction.
The Vanishing Wilderness 5
Buffalo Extinction 6
classic horror films (such as Frankenstein and The Mummy). Imagery of the skull, a reference to Golgotha, in the Christian tradition, serves as "a reminder of death and the transitory quality of human life" and is consequently found in memento mori and vanitas compositions; skulls have therefore been commonplace in Halloween, which touches on this theme. Traditionally, the back walls of churches are "decorated with a depiction of the Last Judgment, complete with graves opening…
marriage and hints at coercion and violence in terms of the hideous wallpaper, which "has a kind of subpattern in a different shade, a particularly irritating one, for you can only see it in certain lights, and not clearly then" (ibid., 716). As the paper morphs into a monster, it takes on overt qualities of villainy through bulging eye shapes in the pattern that become unblinking watchers. Before her complete loss of control, the viewer witnesses a prophecy—the shape of an incarcerated woman in the…