1. The first part of Meno starts off with the initial question of virtue. This section shows that not even Socrates knows about virtue so the dialogue quickly switches to what is virtue. This fits into the next stage because Socrates begins to question Meno on what exactly is virtue. Meno continues to give incorrect answers to Socrates which leads into the next stage. In this stage Meno starts to get frustrated with Socrates continued questioning, so he begins to claim that Socrates is playing head games with him. Socrates states that the credit of one’s own ignorance is required in the search for and knowledge. This starts a new stage where Meno begins to think that Socrates has trapped himself with that comment. Meno thinks this is impossible because you cannot successfully search for what is lost if you do not know what you are looking for. Next Socrates questions the slave to show that Meno is wrong. In the end Socrates and Meno both do not answer the question about virtue but instead, the importance of knowledge. 2. Socrates first introduces his Theory of Recollection with a mythical tale to Meno. He does this to go off on the point that you can recollect things from past experiences instead of just this lifetime. This is a tale that priests would be telling because it is in the reincarnated subject. With just the questioning of the slave Meno may not have grasped that you can reincarnate things from previous lives. 3. The mini dialogue of Socrates and the slave very much relates to the dialogue between Socrates and Meno. One way that the dialogue relates is that it Socrates is always the one questioning his subject. The next way is that both Meno and the slave keep answering with incorrect answers which just leads to more questions from Socrates. The last way is it relates is that it ends with the slave and Meno learning something they did not know before. 4. After Socrates discusses the Theory of Recollection the dialogue between him and Meno changes. Meno asks Socrates to return to the original question whether virtue can be taught or it is acquired. But Socrates answers if virtue is knowledge then it can be taught. This leads to the dialogue to change from virtue to the importance of knowledge. 5. This quote by Anytus is ironic because he did indeed have his son highly educated. He stated that he would not let any of his people met a sophist. But having his son highly educated would mean that his son would have had to meet a sophist during his schooling. 6. Socrates decides to add this comment to show that virtue is not always decided on if your parents were virtuous. He introduces Themistocles to give an example of a virtuous man but his son Cleophantus has turned out less than perfect. A contemporary example would be Paris Hilton. Her father is an entrepreneur and co-founder of Hilton hotels.
November 5, 2014
Professor James Connelly
The topic of this paper is the immortality of the soul. I will explain and assess Plato’s argument for the immortality of the soul, as developed in the Meno and Phaedo. In addition, this paper will discuss what epistemological considerations Plato used to support his view of the immortality of the soul, and how these considerations supported this view. I find Plato’s arguments for the immortality of the soul convincing. My thesis is that our souls…
Throughout the play Meno, composed by philosopher Plato, Socrates (philosopher) is constantly being questioned by student, Meno. Meno asks Socrates a variety of questions pertaining to virtue, and whether or not it can be taught. Meno states “Can you tell me, Socrates, can virtue be taught? Or is it not teachable but the result of practice, or is it neither of these, but men possess it by nature or in some other way?” (Meno, p. 3). Socrates’ reply does not answer the question…
communication of social environments. With all these processes, it shows how there are different ways of learning.
The connection to Meno with learning theories is that Socrates comes up with a learning theory on how we educate ourselves. He tells Meno that basically our soul knows about everything, but we need to recollect on things we had forgotten. Socrates views how the recollections of the knowledge we have is a way of educating ourselves.
There are many ways that I learn. The best way for…
The Phaedo, written by the famous Greek philosopher Plato, is a dialogue recounting the events and discussions of Socrates’ final moments before his sentenced death from the well-known trial recognized as The Apology. During this time, Socrates explains to his friends that acquiring knowledge comes from a recollection of things in a previous life as a way to provide comfort to his friends about his anticipated death. According to Socrates, if humans can learn anything, they must have known about…
times. It wasn’t until I took a philosophy class; I started to develop thought and try to understand the world. A philosopher that stuck out to me the most during the course was Plato. Plato was a western philosopher, who studied philosophy in 427-347 B.C. He was a good friend and admirer of the great philosopher Socrates (Melchert 119). In this paper, I will explore Plato’s theories and distinction between knowledge and belief. As humans we assume our opinion or beliefs to be true. It is merely our…
CHAPTER 3: SOCRATES, PLATO
Plato (c. 427–347 B.C.) was the pupil of Socrates (470–399 B.C.), and Aristotle (384–322 B.C.)
was the pupil of Plato.
Socrates was not interested in arguing with his fellow Athenians merely for the sake of
argument—as the Sophists were—but rather he wanted to discover the essential nature of
knowledge, justice, beauty, goodness, and the virtues (such as courage).
The Socratic (dialectic) method: a search for the proper definition of…
Presentation Paper: Plato
Plato is one of the world’s best-known and most widely studied philosophers and intellectuals throughout history. Although very little is actually known about his life, which has forced scholars to construct most of his biography; with the help of his writings and the writings of other great philosophers and intellects. This has created a lot of controversy throughout the academic community, and scholars still debate whether all of Plato’s works…
obtained and which is the best way to obtain it. Two individuals and great philosophers of their time, Plato and Charles Peirce, each had their own ideas on how truth and knowledge could be obtained.
One of the main differences between Plato's and Peirce's philosophies…
Plato was a disciple of Socrates, founded the first University (Academy), his philosophy was more metaphysical, and his most important work was the Republic. Plato proposed that belief was based on opinion and perception. In his story of the Myth of the Cave, the prisoners based their beliefs on conjecture (mistook images for reality). Understanding was the status of the released prisoner. He believed that FORMS were eternal but the concepts could change. An example is that beauty is a form but the…