By Corey Jett
What it is
• Mostly know as mental retardation neurodevelopmental disorder that causes impaired intellectual and adaptive functioning determined by an IQ score under 70 and also includes delay in basic day-to-day living skills.
• It is usually caused by an abnormal gene inherited from either parent, error in gene coding, or other reasons.
Treatment before mental institutes
• Most mentally handicapped people were treated as outsiders, a burden to society. At the time most people thought that they were just really stupid.
• In most cases their families were shunned and treated as outsiders as well.
How they were treated
• In the 1930s mentally retarded people were treated very badly and considered a disgrace to society.
• Many were locked up in mental hospitals also known as asylums or insane asylums. They would take them and turn them into prisoners doing experiments and other things on them.
• A favorite treatment called electroshock was used to try to zap the disability out of them. They used a headband with conductors on both sides and shocked them repeatedly with upwards of 50 volts of electricity. • Another more gentle approach was hydrotherapy which was exposing patients to baths or showers of warm water for an extended period of time often had a calming effect on them. For this reason, mental hospitals used hydrotherapy as a tool for treating mental illness.
• The introduction of thorazine, the first psychotropic drug, was a huge discovery in treatment therapy, making it possible to calm bad behavior, anxiety, agitation, and confusion without using physical restraints. • A more disturbing one is a procedure called lobotomy which is a procedure which the brain's frontal lobe nerves are severed by inserting tools through the eye socket. This process…