Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia had many political and cultural similarities such as both societies had a hierarchy and were theocracies, they both relied heavily on trade and agriculture, and both believed that their ruling had a connection to the gods. However, they also had many differences some being Mesopotamia used cuneiform and Egypt used hieroglyphics, Hammurabi's code was followed by the Mesopotamian's and the Egyptians were governed by the Pharaoh, Mesopotamia is made up of city-states while Egypt is two separate kingdoms, and Mesopotamian's believe that they would have a dark afterlife while Egyptians believed that Osiris (the god of death) would determine if their afterlife was good or bad. Both Mesopotamia and Egypt had a social hierarchy meaning that the king or pharaoh was on top of the scale, given the most respect and the slaves were on the bottom, thought of as untouchables. Both societies were also theocracies; their government was ruled by a priest in the name of god or gods. The societies both relied heavily on trade and farming to receive the food and supplies that they needed for everyday life using a barter system, neither society having a true currency. Lastly both believed that their rulers had a connection to the gods and that they were used to deliver the gods messages. One of the differences between the two societies is their form of writing. The Mesopotamian's used cuneiform- writing impressed on clay tablets and the…
Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia
Egypt and Mesopotamia, although similar, are different as a result of one major natural resource: a river. Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia were an agricultural based society that believed in the existence of many deities; however, they differed in the aspect of how they evolved as an agricultural society and whether they feared or praised their gods.
Mesopotamia, also known as the Fertile Crescent, was located inside the Euphrates and Tigris River. The fertile land…
of years ago. They were located close to rivers, Egypt being near the Nile, and Mesopotamia being between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. The rivers and the surrounding environment forced the two civilizations to differ. Egypt and Mesopotamia were both one of the first civilizations, but their geographical locations made Egypt be more successful politically, religiously, and culturally.
The rivers impacted both civilizations greatly. Egypt had the Nile river, which provided many benefits…
Comparative Analysis Essay: Egypt and Mesopotamia
The rise of civilizations of Egypt and Mesopotamia occurred about the same time and both civilizations grew along the mighty rivers. There were so many similarities but many differences as well. In each case, it was the river valley and geography that dictated outcomes affecting agricultural prosperity, religious formation, and agricultural prosperity, government structures.
The first true civilizations in ancient times both formed near prominent…
Midterm Essay Examination
The Rise of Early Civilizations from 3500 BCE to 600 BCE
Throughout history many civilizations have risen to the top and then fallen. Analyzing several of these civilizations such as Mesopotamia, Egypt, China, India, American, Hebrew, and Iranian between the time period 3500 BCE to 600 BCE conclusions can be made of how they rose to the top during their existence. When analyzing several of these early cultures they can be broken up into regions or what would be known…
Essay of Egypt and Mesopotamia
Egypt and Mesopotamia developed different and similar political and religious civilizations. Mesopotamian civilizations such as the Sumerians, the Akkadian kingdom, the Assyrian empire and the Babylonian city-state, were all too dependent on the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. Egypt’s natural isolation and material self-sufficiency fostered a unique culture that for long periods had relatively little to do with other civilizations. Ancient Egypt was an ancient civilization…
Prehistory and Mesopotamia:
Paleolithic: Early Stone Age ended 15,000 years ago.
Neolithic: Time when ground and polished stone were used, flints.
Fertile Crescent: area in the Middle East that extends to the Tigris and Euphrates center of Neolithic places starting in 7000.
Catal Huyuk: Ancient settlement in south Anatolia from 7500-5700 bc.
Jericho: Fortified city on the west bank near Palestine.
Sumer and Akkad: S- Area in modern Iraq, part of Mesopotamia. Akkad- ditto.
Modern Vs Ancient
Treatment, medicine, and beliefs are all different, all over the world. In ancient times,
before we knew all we know about the medical field and the body today, it was especially
different, considering they didn’t know even close as we know in modern times. The
beliefs for why diseases and sicknesses were very different from now, and different
beliefs vary throughout the world. Some places like Ancient Egypt believed diseases and…
It is interesting to compare and contrast each ancient civilization. Many societies are separated by natural resources like seas, deserts, and rivers but still manage to have similar political, social, and religious systems. Although, there are obvious differences that can be depicted between each civilization. These similarities and differences are what define each cultivation and able us to learn how the human race has evolved. Mesopotamia and Egypt are prime examples of how developments can have…
both ancient Egyptian and Mesopotamian culture. It is also evident that the two early civilizations were very similar in some ways, yet vastly different in others. Important similarities include the fact that both early Egypt and early Mesopotamia founded their own writing styles which still survive today. Also, although each cultures style and purpose was quite different, Egypt and Mesopotamia both built pyramids. As for differences, Mesopotamia was created as a walled city while Egypt was open…
March 04, 2013
The ancient civilization of Mesopotamia was located west of the Iranian Plateau or what it’s known today as modern Iraq. Beside it, a second civilization began to establish in northeast Africa, along the Nile River. The Egyptians, a civilization with similar, yet distance cultural beliefs. Their geographical differences became a factor in shaping their cultures. Both civilizations benefited from their rivers because it satisfied…