Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia had many political and cultural similarities such as both societies had a hierarchy and were theocracies, they both relied heavily on trade and agriculture, and both believed that their ruling had a connection to the gods. However, they also had many differences some being Mesopotamia used cuneiform and Egypt used hieroglyphics, Hammurabi's code was followed by the Mesopotamian's and the Egyptians were governed by the Pharaoh, Mesopotamia is made up of city-states while Egypt is two separate kingdoms, and Mesopotamian's believe that they would have a dark afterlife while Egyptians believed that Osiris (the god of death) would determine if their afterlife was good or bad. Both Mesopotamia and Egypt had a social hierarchy meaning that the king or pharaoh was on top of the scale, given the most respect and the slaves were on the bottom, thought of as untouchables. Both societies were also theocracies; their government was ruled by a priest in the name of god or gods. The societies both relied heavily on trade and farming to receive the food and supplies that they needed for everyday life using a barter system, neither society having a true currency. Lastly both believed that their rulers had a connection to the gods and that they were used to deliver the gods messages. One of the differences between the two societies is their form of writing. The Mesopotamian's used cuneiform- writing impressed on clay tablets and the…
March 04, 2013
The ancient civilization of Mesopotamia was located west of the Iranian Plateau or what it’s known today as modern Iraq. Beside it, a second civilization began to establish in northeast Africa, along the Nile River. The Egyptians, a civilization with similar, yet distance cultural beliefs. Their geographical differences became a factor in shaping their cultures. Both civilizations benefited from their rivers because it satisfied…
Civilization along the Nile: Egypt
- Egypt= " the gift of the Nile "
- major crop= cotton
- Nile flows South to North and empties into the Mediterranean Sea
- 150 years ago= John Spekes found the source of the Nile which is Lake Victoria in Uganda (lake was named after Queen Victoria)
- Reasons Why it was Difficult to Invade Egypt
1. to the east and west= Sahara Desert
2. the Nile River had six huge waterfalls that would be tough to get through
- Ancient Egypt= "Kemet" which means the land…
Of the first civilizations to emerge, Mesopotamia and Egypt were the most remarkable. Mesopotamia and Egypt both developed from an agricultural revolution with their similar purpose for farming, however their reasoning to worship their gods were distinguishable from one another and their way of creating order in the societies were based on different concepts.
As the first civilizations to progress from hunting and gathering, Mesopotamia and Egypt both were driven by climate change to develop…
Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia are two very important cultures that shaped how we view life and what we do today. Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia have many similarities like their social class, they both had their own form of writing, and they both had very complex religions. Their social classes consisted of about 4 different types of people. Their writing was either Cuneiform or Hieroglyphics. They both had gods that they worshiped or hated. Both Egypt and Mesopotamia had differences but they are…
Saint Louis University
Imagine if you will a time long ago, an ancient civilization, one of mystery and intrigue, steeped in culture and charm, riches and spirituality. A civilization shrouded in all this and more. How exciting would it have been to live in this the most unique culture of ancient past? That is what ancient Egypt had to offer. If you are like me you will be captivated by the ancient history of Egypt. Not to say this civilization…
Fertile Crescent- area of land/region that Mesopotamia was established on. Tigris and Euphrates River flow through
Sargon of Akkad- initiated program od conquest--- conquered cities of Sumer, established direct control over Mesopotamia--- and transformed Sumer and Akkad into first known empire.
Middle Kingdom- reestablishment of central government—pharaohs represented good shepherds—secured border with Nubia
Hatshepsut- woman pharaoh—launched military campaigns and extended trade and diplomacy—most…
Presentation: Ancient Egypt
Ancient Egypt most certainly meets the criteria for a civilisation as it contains much of the elements that make up our own modern society. These include a social hierarchy, government, religion, military force, monuments, trading system, wealth and power, reliable food and water sources and its own written language. Egypt had a complex system much like our own and therefore I would argue a true civilisation with the following points.
Ancient Egypt was a Complex…
time. Two of the most advanced were Egypt and Mesopotamia. Although both had a male dominant government that was supported by a patriarchal king or leader, Egypt had a strong, centralized government whereas Mesopotamia was decentralized and was based upon small city-states operating independently. To add, Egypt was also classified as self sufficient rather than Mesopotamia who relied on trade because of unstable agriculture. Due to Egypt surpassing Mesopotamia in areas such as governmental structure…
Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia
Egypt and Mesopotamia, although similar, are different as a result of one major natural resource: a river. Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia were an agricultural based society that believed in the existence of many deities; however, they differed in the aspect of how they evolved as an agricultural society and whether they feared or praised their gods.
Mesopotamia, also known as the Fertile Crescent, was located inside the Euphrates and Tigris River. The fertile land…