3.) In the early ancient empires, Assyria and Persia were two of the greatest. “The Assyrian Empire was the first to unite almost all of the ancient Near East, however, was the empire of the Great Kings of Persia. Although it owed much to the administrative organization created by the Assyrians, the Persian Empire had its own peculiar strengths. ” (A review of..). Through the Persian rule, conquered people were allowed to keep their own religions, customs, and their methods of doing business. The Persian Empire was creating cultural and political ideals that would have an impact on Western Civilization. On a more regular occasion for the Assyrians, they were provided by annual festivals such as the New Year celebration and other religious events. “Assyrian art fared better than Assyrian military power. The techniques of Assyrian artists influenced the Persians, who adapted them to gentler scenes. In fact, many Assyrian innovations, military and political as well as artistic, were taken over wholesale by the Persians. Although the memory of Assyria was hateful throughout the Near East, the fruits of Assyrian organizational genius helped the Persians to bring peace and stability to the same regions where Assyrian armies had spread” (McKay, Hill 47).
4.) Athens, in southern Europe, became the leading city of Ancient Greece and its cultural achievements which laid the foundations of western civilization. “During the middle ages, Athens experience decline and then a recovery under the Byzantine Empire. After a long period of decline under the rule of the Ottoman Empire, Athens re-emerged in the 19th century as the capital of the independent Greek state” (Athens info..). Sparta has emerged as a political entity around the 10th century BC, when the invading