335-358 * Commodity chain- series of links connecting many places of production and distribution and resulting in a commodity that is then exchanged on the market * Developing- saying progress is being made in technology, production, and socioeconomic well-being * Through advances in technology- people can produce more food, create new products, and accrue material wealth * Ways of measuring development- development in economic welfare, development in technology an production, and development in social welfare * Gross National Product(GNP)- (most common way of comparing development in economic welfare) measure of the total value of the recorded goods and services produced by the citizens and corporations of a country in a given year(inside and outside of the country) * Gross Domestic Product(GDP)- encompasses good and services produced within a country during a given year * Gross National Income(GNI)- calculates the worth of what is produced within a country plus income received from investments outside the country minus income payments to other countries(accurate way of measuring a country’s wealth) * Per Capita GNI- most common way to standardize GNI data is to divide it by the population of the country EX: Luxembourg has the highest with $64,400 * Formal economy- legal economy that governs tax and monitor * Informal economy- illegal economy that governments do not tax and keep track of. EX: Illegal drug trade * A high percentage of laborers= engaged in the food production= low overall development * A high percentage of workers= involved in high-tech industries= high level of development * One way to measure social welfare- dependency ratio(measure of the # of dependents, young and old, that each 100 employed people must support) literacy rates, infant mortality, life expectancy, calorie intake per person * Modernization model(ladder of development)- a model of economic development by Walter Rostow, is a theory that maintains all the countries go through 5 stages of development * First stage- the society is traditional, dominant activity is subsistence farming, social structure is rigid, technology is slow to change * Second stage- brings the preconditions of takeoff. New leadership moves the country toward greater flexibility, openness and diversification * Third stage- takeoff. Now country experiences something similar to the industrial revolution, and sustained growth takes hold. Urbanization increases, industrialization proceeds, and technological and mass-production breakthroughs occur * Fourth stage- drive to maturity. Technologies diffuse, industrial specialization occurs, and international trade expands. Modernization is evident in the key areas of the country, and population growth is slow * Fifth stage- High mass consumption, which is marked by the high incomes and widespread population of many goods and services. A majority of workers enter the service sector of the economy * Calling wealthy countries- “industrialized” * Calling poor countries- “industrialize” * Context- reflects what is happening in place results of forces operating currently at multiple scales. Ex: state scale, local scale, regional scale, global scale * Neocolonialism- the major world powers continue to control the economies of the poorer countries * Structuralist theory- holds that difficult-to-change, large scale economic arrangements shape what can happen in fundamental ways * Dependency theory- which holds that the political and economic relationships between countries and regions of the world control and limit thee economic development possibilities of poorer areas * Dollarization- El Salvador whereby the country’s currency, the colon, was abandoned in favor of the dollar. * Millennium development goals- a fairly high degree of consensus about the key conditions that need to be changed if economic development is to be achieved…
Dear Herb Kohl:
My name is XXXXX. I live in Eau Claire, Wisconsin. I am writing to you because I was pleased to read in the Congressional Voting Record that you supported H.R. 2116, Veterans Millennium Health Care and Benefits Act of 1999.
I was vaguely aware of the Veterans Millennium Health Care Act before April 1, 2010. On that day I discovered what H.R. 2116 meant to me and my family. I had started a new job in February 2010, and was uninsured as I had not yet become eligible to…
The millennium development goals are eight goals that every United Nation member and at least 23 international organisations have made an agreed effort to try and reach the goals that have been set out. The main goal that all these countries are trying to achieve is to reduce and halve the poverty rates in the world. These countries and organisations have the responsibility to try and reach these goals by 2015. The eight millennium development goals are to eradicate extreme hunger and poverty, achieve…
Topic B: The Global Development Agenda post-2015
The Netherlands considers the Millennium Development Goals as a major guideline for its development policy. It is important for this country to achieve results in development cooperation and it is focusing its efforts in the field of education, HIV/AIDS, reproductive rights, the environment and water. In 2010, the Netherlands even appointed an Ambassador for the MDGs and public-private partnerships in order to put these goals high on the political…
Personal development plan (PDP)
Bi Design a template for a personal development plan (PDP) that you could use to improve your learning, development and professional practice. For each heading in the template, provide a brief summary describing what should be included.
PERSONAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN
Name: Job Title:
Learning & Development need -
Action Plan Short Term Goal…
is to set your own goals. There are different types of goals and each has to be achieved in various ways. Setting goals is used by swimmers, business people, artists and almost everyone who wants to achieve something in life. Setting a goal gives someone motivation to complete it and it can help them to keep track of time organisation and to give them a vision of approximately how long it will take to achieve this goal and how much work will need to be done. To achieve a goal many factors must be…
contribution letter to local council with suggestions for future proposals to maintain cleanliness of creek. | - Ecologically sustainable development of environments | - Evaluate possible resolutions to environmental issues |
2 | ENS3.5SSS3.8 | BMCIU | GlobalEducation | - Guest speaker with slideshow in relation to Global Education, focusing on eight Millennium Development Goals. | - Organisations involved with local and global issues- Communities, regions and environments within the world | - Investigate…
liquefied natural gas (LNG), which could begin exporting in 2014 and as the largest investment project in the countries history, has the potential to double GDP in the near future and triple Papua New Guinea’s export revenue.
In Australia, economic development is measured by GDP. However for many low-income countries such as Papua New Guinea this is an inaccurate measure due to a number of reasons. Many people are subsistent (consume what they produce and there never reaches the market), there is a lot…
After reading about one of the Millennium Development Goals (see this week's Reading
section), write a 350word summary about the Goal and current progress. Be sure to
1. What the goal is specifically trying to accomplish
2.How progress toward the goal is going
3. What kinds of interventions are helping progress?
4. What kinds of things are hurting progress?
5. Are there specific countries that are doing well? Doing poorly?After reading about
one of the Millennium Development Goals (see this week's Reading section)…
and Tyler C. Smith for
the Millennium Cohort Study Team
* Correspondence to Amber D. Seelig, Deployment Health Research Department, Naval Health Research Center,
140 Sylvester Road, San Diego, CA 92106-3521 (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Initially submitted August 16, 2011; accepted for publication December 7, 2011.
Previous research has shown that military women often experience potentially severe health outcomes following deployment. Data from the Millennium Cohort Study, a 21-year longitudinal…