Miss Essays

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| | | | Assess the Significance of the Great Revolt of Jerusalem and the Siege of Masada
Historical Investigation |
Table of Contents Preamble 1 The Revolt 1 Masada 3 Significance 4

Historical Investigation
Figure 1 (below) Source: http://www.jewishagency.org/NR/rdonlyres/0A8F1B8A-9FBC-49D6-B0DB-028F98B26762/46399/jlm21.jpg
The great revolt of Jerusalem and the siege of Masada has had a significant impact on many people of different nations for centuries. In 63 B.C.E, the Great Revolt begun when Rome occupied Israel. Life under the Roman rule was harsh. Various factors influenced The Great Revolt. Three main elements in particular played a huge role in influencing the revolt. These were taxes, the
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As a result, the number of Zealots grew dramatically.
However, when the Romans returned, 60,000 heavily armed and highly professional troops were ready, launching their first attack against the Jewish state's most radicalized area – the Galilee in the north. The Romans vanquished the Galilee and an estimated 100,000 Jews were killed or sold into slavery. The highly resentful refugees who succeeded in escaping the Galilean massacres fled to the last major Jewish stronghold—Jerusalem. There they annihilated anyone amongst the Jewish leaders who were not as radical as they were. Thus, all the more moderate Jewish leaders who headed the Jewish government at the revolt's beginning in 66 were dead by 68, and not one died at the hands of a Roman. Rather, all were killed by their own people – the Jews.
The scene was now set for the grand finale – the final catastrophe. Outside the city walls of Jerusalem, Roman troops were armed and ready to attack. Inside the city, Jews were engaging in a worthless suicidal civil war which only added to the final destruction of the city. In 70 C.E the Romans violently penetrated the walls of Jerusalem and initiated mass violence and destruction. Soon after they destroyed the second temple. This was the final and most devastating blow the Romans had against Judea.
Figure 2 (above) Source: