Modern Medicine History

Submitted By jomalley1
Words: 776
Pages: 4

Modern medicine has come a long way and to some is proof of the value of science. To understand the discovery of medicine completely we have to go back to the pre-historic times. Despite the obvious progression in medicine in the present day compared with the pre-historic times, there are many similarities. For example, the religious aspect: through the centuries people have prayed for healing from the pre-historic medicine men who cast spells to send away evil spirits, to the present day when people may attend miracle healing sessions or visit a holy place in hope of a cure.
Another example is the use of herbal remedies. People are starting to avoid the use of manufactured harmful chemicals and are leaning more toward the use of earth’s natural resources. These cures were also followed during the prehistoric period. Although we can say we have come a long way since the prehistoric period, it’s hard to know the exact procedures followed during this time because there were no written records or documentation. We do know, however, that pre-historic people

did perform some simple surgery. The most well known is trepaning which means cutting a hole in a person's skull. It was believed that this was done to allow the evil spirits to leave the body. We know that some patients survived the operation since skulls from the time have been found with the bone grown back over the hole. Another early civilization that practiced the progression of medicine was the ancient civilization on Egypt. Egypt had a much higher chance of progressing in medicine because ideas could be shared much easier and residents lived much closer together. They also had developed a writing system which allowed theories and ideas to be recorded for the next generations.
The Egyptians medical practices were behind and not very advanced. This was mainly due to their culture and religion which believed their bodies were needed for the after-life. Next were the Middle Ages, during this period Christians believed that the sick should be cared for and because of this the Christian Church set up hospitals. These hospitals were very different from modern day hospitals, since the main cure given to patients was prayer. Many of these hospitals would even ban patients from entering that had contagious diseases. Another important contribution to the medical progress that was made during this time was made by the Islamic on

medicine was the work of alchemists. They discovered many chemicals which later were used as cures for disease.
The Renaissance helped the medical progress in many ways. Renaissance art is one example that changed the medical progress. The art is much more realistic than the art in the middle ages and this influenced medicine in two ways. Firstly, doctors such as Vesalius could employ artists to draw realistic diagrams in their medical books to spread the ideas. For artists to draw realistically they really needed to know about what the human body was like inside so they pushed for more observation among all. This is something