module 1 Essay

Submitted By la10sane
Words: 2251
Pages: 10

1- Philosophical ethics is a branch of philosophy, which involves the systematic defense and recommendation of concepts regarding that, which is right or wrong. Philosophical ethics often address issues that pertain to the moral conduct of individuals within a given group or profession. Ethics and aesthetics are contained in the axiology branch of philosophy. Philosophical ethics aid in the establishment of the best manner in which humans should live and the type of actions that are deemed right and wrong in various circumstances(Donaldson & Gini, 2012). Meta-ethics, Normative and Applied Ethics are the three approaches to philosophical ethics. Meta-ethics are concerned with the theoretical meaning of propositions that are considered morally correct and the determination of the extent of truth in the values that they advocate for. On the other hand, normative ethics are concerned with the practical ways of determining the morally upright course of action (Donaldson & Gini, 2012). Applied ethics, which will be the major area of focus of this paper’s discussion, draws a lot from ethical theory in establishing the most appropriate kind of behavior by individuals under varied situations. The business environment requires individuals to behave in specific manner and so do all types of professions. Ethics is a set of rules that govern the behavior of members of a group or professional body. Applied ethics is a branch of philosophy, which applies ethical theories to situations of real life and is made up of various fields such as bio-ethics, geo-ethics, engineering ethics, business and public services ethics (Donaldson & Gini, 2012). Whereas applied ethics are usually employed in the determination of public policies, individuals faced with somewhat dilemma situations employ it too in arriving at the tough decisions that they have to make. The questions that individuals who employ applied ethics in decision-making ask themselves entail the extent to which their actions can be regarded right or wrong. In applied ethics, great caution is exercised to ensure that both of the right and of wrong or yes and no responses do not negatively affect any of the participants in the process that has necessitated the use of applied ethics (Donaldson & Gini, 2012). Bioethics, which is a sub-field of applied ethics, studies the controversies that have been brought about by advancements in the fields of medicine and biology. Biologists who recognize the role of ethics have to deal with the issues that arise in the relationships that exist among the other disciplines and the medicine and biology fields. Most of the issues that arise in this case regard the management of human lives in relation to their biological environments. 2- Meta-ethics seek to obtain the answer to the question of understanding of what is right and wrong, as well as what is meant by being right or wrong. Meta-ethical questions relate to a wide variety of questions, which are characterized by high levels of practicality. Aristotle asserts that the possibility of obtaining knowledge with less precision is higher in the study of ethics than in any other field of study because of the different approaches attached to ethics by various individuals. Business or professional ethics examine the ethical controversies that arise within a given business environment and entails consideration of the behavior of all members within a particular organization (Donaldson & Gini, 2012). Business ethics comprise both normative and descriptive aspects of philosophical ethics. Business ethics are considered normative when corporate practices and career specializations are concerned. On the other hand, business behaviors pass for descriptive ethics. Business and professional ethics present the conflict between the profit maximization aspect of firms and the concerns whose nature is non-financial. The triumph of the non-financial endeavors of firms is manifest in what is termed as