9) The Chinese dynasties tang and song were very large and successful dynasties at that time period. They were strong and were wealthy. They had many accomplishments and achievements, some of them were Chinese government, roads and waterways commerce (paper, money, trade, etc., Gunpowder poetry, art, agriculture, porcelain. They were advanced and were the first to come up with gunpowder which they didn’t even use as much as the other empires that found out about it. They came up with commerce with paper money; they were the first to use paper money.
3) -Shogun -Daimyo -Samurai (code of conduct – Bushido) -Peasants
4) Sinification was largely limited in Korea to the elite, who monopolized most political offices and dominated social life. And the way it affected social development was, it was mainly by the elite because they controlled most the power and pretty much took control over the social hierarchy and how it was setup. Mainly because of this reason it was stabilized under this one social structure and it progressed due to the pattern of how it was maintained.
4) The Mongols were very barbaric people that had strict rules. They were also known as the strongest army out there. People were afraid of them. When the Mongols would go to invade a city the city would surrender before it was attacked because of how scared they were. It also led peace among all of Europe and united them with Asia. Which held them together strong due to the unity.
6) The Mongol conquest of Russia reduced the Russian princes to tribute-payers. Payments fell heavily on the peasants, who found themselves reduced to serfdom. Until the mid- nineteenth century, serfdom was typical of Russian agricultural labor. Some Russian cities, such as Moscow, recovered their fortunes by the increased trade the Mongol empire permitted. The Mongol conquest of Russia ensured the central position of Moscow and the Orthodox Church, led to changes in Russian military organization, and revised the political concepts of Russian rulers. The period of Mongol dominance also cut Russia off from Western Europe both politically and culturally.
4) The modern world-system originated around 1500. In parts of Western Europe, a long-term crisis of feudalism gave way to technological invention and the rise of market institutions. Advances in production and reasons for long-distance trade encouraged Europeans to reach