mongols essay

Submitted By Number1rangerfan
Words: 857
Pages: 4

The Mongols became the largest empire under the rule of Chinggis Khan. However after Chinggis’s death his vast realm was divided into four regional empires by his heirs. Two of the four regional empires was China which was ruled by the Great Khans and Persia, which is in the Middle East, was ruled by the ilkhans. In China and the Middle East, Persia, the Mongols had both a political and economic effect including administration, downfall of the economy and trade. One political effect the Mongols had in China and Persia was their administration. The Mongols weren’t very effective administrators so they had other people administer for them. In Persia the Mongols allowed the Persians to administer the ilkhanate; however the Persian had to maintain order of the land and give receipts of taxation to the Mongols. Also the Persians were able to become ministers, local governors and even state officials but at a lower level. While the Mongols and their allies obtained the most powerful position of administration. However in China it was the complete opposite situation than in the Middle East. In China the Mongols found no benefit from native Chinese administrators unlike the Mongols found in Persia. As a result of the situation in China the Mongols had brought in foreign administrators to be in control. These foreign administrators consisted of Arabs, Persians, the Mongols allies and even some Europeans. The Mongols also had an effect on the economy of Persia and China, for instance trade. China and Persia were affected in a positive matter due to trade. Trade helped many lands be able to communicate more and exchange luxury goods, allowing lands to acquire items they don’t have a surplus of due to the efforts of the Mongols, trade routes were secured and the safety of merchants that would pass through Mongols territory was guaranteed. This helped the surplus of trading between regions to increase which of course led to cultural diffusion. As a result of an increase in cultural diffusion, China and Persia were able to acquire goods that weren’t manufactured in there region. Plus due to trade routes being more secure the possibility of caravans being raided decreased which was also a positive effect since it meant more goods could arrive to their destinations. However one of the most important benefits of trade was an increase in the amounts of money regions had acquired, allowing a boost in economy. Lastly not only did merchants carry luxurious good along their journey but they also helped spread religions. This allowed lands to have more opportunities open for people of different cultures; which many people found to be an attractive trait. This allowed the rate of population to increase, allowing the amount of money an area would take in and manufacturing goods to increase. The Mongols also had played a role in the downfall of the economy in China and Persia. After the reign of Khubilai Khan the Mongols had trouble with governing Persia and China. One of the reasons for the decline of both the ilkhanate and Yuan dynasty was the downfall of their economy. In Persia the constant spending of money had weakened the treasury and their overuse of peasants had caused a decrease in their revenue. The Persians tried to fix their economic problem with…