The Mongols became the largest empire under the rule of Chinggis Khan. However after Chinggis’s death his vast realm was divided into four regional empires by his heirs. Two of the four regional empires was China which was ruled by the Great Khans and Persia, which is in the Middle East, was ruled by the ilkhans. In China and the Middle East, Persia, the Mongols had both a political and economic effect including administration, downfall of the economy and trade. One political effect the Mongols had in China and Persia was their administration. The Mongols weren’t very effective administrators so they had other people administer for them. In Persia the Mongols allowed the Persians to administer the ilkhanate; however the Persian had to maintain order of the land and give receipts of taxation to the Mongols. Also the Persians were able to become ministers, local governors and even state officials but at a lower level. While the Mongols and their allies obtained the most powerful position of administration. However in China it was the complete opposite situation than in the Middle East. In China the Mongols found no benefit from native Chinese administrators unlike the Mongols found in Persia. As a result of the situation in China the Mongols had brought in foreign administrators to be in control. These foreign administrators consisted of Arabs, Persians, the Mongols allies and even some Europeans. The Mongols also had an effect on the economy of Persia and China, for instance trade. China and Persia were affected in a positive matter due to trade. Trade helped many lands be able to communicate more and exchange luxury goods, allowing lands to acquire items they don’t have a surplus of due to the efforts of the Mongols, trade routes were secured and the safety of merchants that would pass through Mongols territory was guaranteed. This helped the surplus of trading between regions to increase which of course led to cultural diffusion. As a result of an increase in cultural diffusion, China and Persia were able to acquire goods that weren’t manufactured in there region. Plus due to trade routes being more secure the possibility of caravans being raided decreased which was also a positive effect since it meant more goods could arrive to their destinations. However one of the most important benefits of trade was an increase in the amounts of money regions had acquired, allowing a boost in economy. Lastly not only did merchants carry luxurious good along their journey but they also helped spread religions. This allowed lands to have more opportunities open for people of different cultures; which many people found to be an attractive trait. This allowed the rate of population to increase, allowing the amount of money an area would take in and manufacturing goods to increase. The Mongols also had played a role in the downfall of the economy in China and Persia. After the reign of Khubilai Khan the Mongols had trouble with governing Persia and China. One of the reasons for the decline of both the ilkhanate and Yuan dynasty was the downfall of their economy. In Persia the constant spending of money had weakened the treasury and their overuse of peasants had caused a decrease in their revenue. The Persians tried to fix their economic problem with…
nown during his childhood as Temujin, Genghis Khan was the son of a Mongol chieftain. He suffered a difficult childhood, and when his young wife Börte was kidnapped by a rival tribe, Temujin united the nomadic, previously ever-rivaling Mongol-Turkic tribes under his rule through political manipulation and military might. His most powerful allies were his father's friend, Kereyd chieftain Wang Khan Toghoril, and Temujin's childhood anda (blood brother) Jamukha of the Jadran clan. With their help,…
Mongol rule in China and the Middle East was similar in providing security, along trade routes and keeping the local government intact but differed in their treatment of the Arabs/Persians.
Economic- Comparison Mongols provided security along the Silk Road. Increased trade, disease merchants, were safe, Mongols collected taxes, caught stealing=death. The Mongol expansion throughout the Asian continent from around 1207 to 1360 helped bring political stability and re-establish the Silk Road (via…
Throughout the time that the Mongols lived, they had accomplished many things. But many think it was because they were so barbaric and fierce to the people they conquered that they could have taken over all of Asia and Europe. But then others think the Mongols weren’t very barbaric at all, they just did what was necessary to them. See what you think with the following information whether they were as barbaric as people say.
The Mongols had a very vast military of great numbers.…
in the history of the world.
These barbarians were the Mongols. Their conquest of civilized society was frightening. They tore down scores of great cities. They slaughtered hundreds of thousands of people. Civilized people lived in terror of them. Some believed that Mongols ate humans. Some believed that Mongol ponies were big enough to eat trees. It seemed that no story about the Mongols was too fantastic to believe.
How were the Mongols able to conquer civilized societies? How did it all begin…
November 15, 2014
Mongol Woman Witness Sheet
Mongol women under the rule of Genghis Khan had a relatively high social status compared to other societies in Asia. There was a division of labor between men and women. The men were responsible for military, administrative, and trade affairs. Women’s main responsibilities were in the household where they would care for children, do housework, and cook. A Mongol woman often would tend for their own flock of sheep. When the men…
Background of Mongol Takeover of Korea
-During the 13th century, the Mongolians were intensively expanding their territories throughout the world and Korea initially was their ally that eventually aided the Mongol’s complete takeover of China in 1219, defeating the Kitans at Pyongyang.
-Despite their allegiance, the Mongols demanded Koryo to pay them burdensome tributes and required Koryo to host the Mongol army as they prepared to invade Japan a price of being allies, clearly knowing their dominance…
Centralization and Militarism in East Asia Outline 1200-1500
A. Korea from the Mongols to the Yi, 1231-1500
1. Korea's leaders initially resisted the Mongol invasions but gave up in 1258 when the king of Koryo surrendered and joined his family to the Mongols by marriage. The Koryo kings then fell under the influence of the Mongols and Korea profited from exchange with the Yuan in which new technologies including cotton, gunpowder, astronomy, calendar making, and celestial clocks were introduced…
The Mongols rule had significant economic, political, religious, and agricultural effects on both China and the Middle East. Although the Mongol takeover in the Middle East was far more harsh and abrupt than the takeover in China; the assimilation of cultures amongst the Mongols and the Middle East is more apparent.
Economical similarities and differences could be seen in both China and the Middle East following the Mongol rule. Both regions were taxed, however initially the Middle East Persians…
There were some features of the Mongol empire that were different from what had occurred in previous civilizations, such as the enormous size of their empire, their tolerance of different religions, the equality of men and women and their global integration. Prior to the time they built their empire, pastoral people rarely banded together at all, but stayed in kinship groups that often competed with each other. Although other civilizations such as…
was still valued during the Mongol rule
*Traditional value such as Confucianism stayed intact
conflict, Political structures, Empires,
Revolts and revolution)
*China was controlled by many empires and dynasties during the postclassical periods.
*China was divided at the beginning of the Mongol Empire Changes
*Mongol reunified China
*Chinese officials held advisory and lower-ranking positions than the Mongols
*Mongols incorporated huge number of…