GEOGRAPHY ESSAY Over the years in history, geographic traits have influenced historical development and historical events of the nations and regions in both China and India. In both India and China, the Himalayan Mountains had a huge effect on how they lived their everyday lives. The Himalayans had a positive influence on both nations. When China had begun to develop, it developed along the yellow Huang He and the Yangtze Rivers. China is surrounded by deserts, Himalayan Mountains, and the Pacific Ocean. These three natural barriers had kept China isolated and stopped the spread of trading with others. Since China was so isolated, they referred to themselves as the “Middle Kingdom” because they thought they were in the middle of the earth. The Himalayan Mountains had a big impact on China because that was their main source of water. At the top of the Himalayan Mountains, there was ice, and when that ice melted the water would come down the mountain in a stream of water. The Chinese planted their crops on the Himalayan Mountains because when the water melts from the top of the mountain; it would come strolling down into the plants. This type of planting was called step planting. The Chinese planted their crops on the Himalayan Mountains because there was only 10% of farm land to plant other than the Himalayan Mountains. The Himalayan Mountains help protect China because no one would want to climb over those mountains because if they did they would die trying. In China the Yellow River flooding was unpredictable due to the fact there was no weather channel that could tell them the forecast. The flooding was very sad for the Chinese people so they called it “China’s Sorrow.” The flooding often demolished entire villages. After the Yellow River flooded, it left behind loess. Loess is fertile soil that is left behind after the flooding is over. The Chinese used the loess to help plant their crops. This proved to be a benefit of flooding in contrast to the damage it caused toward the villages. India is a subcontinent that is surrounded by the Himalayan Mountains, Hindu Kush Mountains, and the Indian Ocean. In India you have three different types of weather/ habitats. You have cold weather if you were near the mountains, deserts, and summer. Because of this, you
B. Mountain Ranges
Northern Border of Indian Subcontinent marked by Hindu Kush Mountains and Himmalayas
Ranges served as passages to invading people and migrations for thousands of years
C. Three Zones of Indian Subcontinent
Gangetic Plane: Fertile zone in the North
Deccan Plateau: Dry Region: Plateau a raised area of level land that juts into the Indian Ocean
Coastal Plains: Either side of Deccan Plateau: separated from the Declan by low-lying mountain ranges
realm- India and Pakistan, find themselves constantly shrouded in conflict. Both countries are nuclear capable, and India has an ever growing navy- making this realm a new geopolitical arena. South Asia is clearly defined physiographically- marked by mountains, deserts, and the Indian Ocean. Famous rivers such as the Ganges provided a perfect place for civilization to bloom- the Ganges river alone has been supporting large population clusters for thousands and thousands of years. Here, both Hinduism and…
represented women, night, and calmness.
-Era of Warring States- Confusion and disorder ruled during this era in Chinese history over power and control. China was very difficult to rule due to its size, and geographical boundaries such as deserts, mountains, and rivers, and oceans.
-Mandate of Heaven- The belief that heaven was supreme force in nature that gave dynasties the right to rule.
-Describe traditional Chinese family relationships- Older men had the most power and rights in an Ancient Chinese…