The Montgomery Bus Boycott officially started on December 1, 1955, sparked by the arrest of Rosa Parks. That was the day when the African Americans of Montgomery, Alabama decided that they would boycott the city buses until they could sit anywhere they wanted, instead of being relegated to the back when a white boarded. It was not, however, the day that the movement to desegregate the buses started. The roots of the bus boycott began years before the arrest of Rosa Parks. The movement did not start with Rosa Parks’ arrest. Many people before her had been arrested. Talks of a boycott had been taking place for years. The Women’s’ Political Council, a group of black professionals founded in 1946, had already turned their attention to Jim Crow practices on the Montgomery city buses. In a meeting with Montgomery’s mayor in March 1954, the council outlined the changes they sought for Montgomery’s bus system. A year after the WPC’s meeting with the mayor, a 15-year-old named Claudette Colvin was arrested for challenging segregation on a Montgomery bus. Seven months later, 18-year-old Mary Louise Smith was arrested for refusing to yield her seat to a white passenger. The NAACP and the WPC were waiting for the right person to be arrested, someone who would anger the black community into action, agree to test the segregation laws in court, and was “above reproach”. The arrest of Rosa Parks fueled the bus boycott into action. She was a long-time NAACP worker who had taken a special interest in Claudette Colvin’s case. When she was arrested in December 1955, she had recently completed a workshop on race relations at the Highlander Folk High School in Monteagle, Tennessee. Martin Luther King, Jr. recalled in his memoir that “Mrs. Parks was ideal for the role assigned to her by history,” and because “her character was impeccable and her dedication deep-rooted” she was “one of the most respected people in the Negro community.” WPC president, Jo Ann Robinson, responded to her arrest by calling for a one-day protest of city buses on December 5, 1955. On December 2, Robinson and her students distributed anonymous fliers about the boycott. That evening, a group of ministers and civil rights leaders met to discuss the boycott, and they decided to publicize the December 5 boycott. On December 5, ninety percent of Montgomery’s African American citizens stayed off the buses. That afternoon, the city’s ministers and
February 28, 2015
Montgomery Bus Boycott
In 1877 segregation began to take place and spread like wildfire across the
southern region of the nation. At this time in history, African Americans had no right and
were sold as property.
Claudette Colvin was a black activists had begun to build a case to challenge
state bus segregation laws because of her arrest. Claudette was a student at Booker T.
Washington High School in Montgomery. On March 2, 1955, Colvin was handcuffed…
Montgomery bus boycott
Describe the causes and consequences of a historical event
What were the causes of a historical event you have studied this year?
How were the people or groups in society affected by this event?
The Montgomery bus boycott in December 1955 – June 1956 was a significant event that triggered the advancement of the whole black civil rights movement in the United States. It influenced a number of uprisings and inspired many individuals and groups to stand up for their rights and…
the Jim Crow laws were still prevalent . “The Montgomery Bus Boycott, however, brought the black experience out in the open--literally onto the streets” (McWhorter 43). “The only tired I was, was tired of giving in,” said Rosa Parks (Freedman 23). The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People also known as the NAACP, played a major role in organizing the Montgomery Bus Boycott and advocating for the black community during the boycott (McWhorter 44). Rosa Parks had the black community’s…
Montgomery Bus Boycott
Stacey E. Williams
Ossie L. Neal
April 8, 2013
On 1 December 1955, Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat to a white passenger on a city bus in Montgomery, Alabama. This single act of nonviolent resistance sparked the Montgomery bus boycott, an eleven-month struggle to desegregate the city’s buses.
The Montgomery Bus Boycott was actually started before the arrest of Rosa Parks. The Women Political…
The Montgomery Bus Boycott
On 1 December 1955 a black woman named Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on a full Montgomery bus. Bus company policy dictated that black passengers fill seats from the back and white passengers fill seats from the front. Where the sections met, blacks were expected to yield to whites. The racist atmosphere on buses was strengthened by the attitude of the all-white driving staff, which was known to harass black passengers verbally, and sometimes physically.
The Montgomery Bus Boycott was African-American's in Montgomery, Alabama protesting segregation on buses in the south. Segregation on buses in the south was first challenged by the Women's Political Council or WPC (a group of Afro- American women) in a council meeting with the Mayor at the time, W. A. Gayle. When Gayle refused the requested alterations, Jo Ann Robinson sent a letter to him informing him of the group’s plan to begin boycotting buses. The first African- American women to challenge…
The Montgomery public buses first ten seats was reserved for the whites. African-Americans had to sit in the back of the bus. Also, African-Americans had to enter and exit through the back door. If there are no seats left for the whites, the bus driver usually ask one of the blacks to move. The blacks had to pay their fee at the front door then get on at the back.
On December 1,1955, after work at the Montgomery Fair department store, Rosa Parks boarded the Cleveland Avenue bus. She sat on…
accommodated themselves to the laws of segregation and the codes of white supremacy that regulated not only the South but all of American society . The Brown decision striking down segregation in public schools, and the later success of the Montgomery bus boycott, ordinary blacks and white activists alike, and marked the end of scattered protest and the beginning of an identifiable movement. The Civil Rights Movement is important for the rapid advancement blacks gained during a relatively short period…
In The 1950s, African Americans were forced to sit in the back half of the bus if the front
half was full with whites. On December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks, an African American, refused to
give up her seat to a white man on a Montgomery bus. She was arrested and fined.
Parks has sometimes been depicted as a woman with no history of civil rights activism at the
time of her arrest, she and her husband, Raymond , were, active in the local chapter of the
Rights Movement. The Montgomery Bus Boycott was a major part. There was also the Little Rock Nine which was also a major event in the Civil Rights Movement. The Emmett Till murder, Brown vs. Board of Education, New Orleans school integration were also other big events that happened also.. Many things effected and…