Morals: Political Philosophy and John Locke Essay

Submitted By chloepham
Words: 826
Pages: 4

Oct. 29
Morals
• John Locke familiar with declarations of independent
• Kant was practical reasoning
• Locke takes things up as a social contract
• A contract is a formal agreement between two people
• Mutual contracts with each other is a way for us to get along.
• John Locke(1632-1704) nice and friendly
• Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) rude and mean
• During this time period the Spanish Armanda was happening (1588). Elizabeth the first (virgin queen)
• “I in fear were born in the same year” Thomas hobbes
• To give you security and protect you from enemies.
• Leviathan book by hobbes
• “What is the natural condition of human beings?” one of the first things Thomas thought about when he wrote his book.
• Superstition vs. religion
• You are born with the freedom to do what you want within a bond of reasoning – state of nature
• We are also born equal
• Every human being are in a natural state
• Law of nature is higher than the law of man o Which means humans are equal
• Justice: o Criminal-what laws do we have and change from time to time. What are the crimes and the punishments. o Distributive-how do we allocate the goodies of society.
• “State of TX vs. smith” which means it includes everyone in the situation.
• Cooperation is good in a state of nature by john Locke
• Bases of slavery is the master is in a state of war with respect of slavery
• How does stuff become yours? o Locke says your body belongs to you. You have added your labor so they belong to you.
11/05/12
• John Locke 1637-1704
• Ruled by divine right-god has given you the power.
• What is the original nature condition? What is your status in state of nature? We are free and equal.
• In the state of nature you have rights.
• Rights are given by society bc the giving of rights are for happiness.
• All hiarchrey are all social contract
• For Aristotle political society is natural
• A means of social contract to build a society.
• If there are good laws it makes us more free
• What is society for? Pg.38 sec. 4 in the book
• Get rid of the monarch
• For the good of the govern -why we have governments.
• Government has duties, and power but no rights. But we humans have rights. The power is given by us and we can take it back.
• Absolute power corrupts absolutely. What does this mean?
• We find it between nations, where we find state of nature.
• Pg. 96 sec. 211
11-12
• Orthodox- ortho (correct) belief
• Gnostics- represented as Christianity back in the day
• They define Christians by creeds. Like apostles creed
• Heuristics where not tolerated
• Tolerance was not the general norm
• Thomas Aquinas (1224-1274) - “should heuristics should be tolerated?” heretic destroys the entire soul, a murder destroys the body. Heretic deserves death more than the murder.
• The civil power, civil estate- magistrate
• Church voluntary- is one of the reasons for a purpose of a church
• John Locke says you can’t control people.
• You cannot force conviction
• Talked about the cheerleader with their banner and religion.
11-19
• New book by Aristotle.
• Aristotle 384-322 B.C., sacortes student
• First person to correct way for human reason
• Ethical naturalists-…