Essay about Motherboard and Inline Memory Module

Submitted By Twill846
Words: 1654
Pages: 7

A+ Cheat Sheet

MSDS - Material Saftey Data Sheet; info on hazardous material.. Ch.2
FAT/FAT32 - support dual boot to dod; no security, encryption, compression
Serial - 25 end pin connects to modem; 9 pin end to computer; 57Kbps; 50 feet
Firewire - IEEE 1394 standard; 400 MBps, 3200 MBps; 6 pin connector...ch.1
Riser Card - plugs into system board and adds additional adapter slots...ch.1
PS/2 - 5/ 6 end pin connection; keyboard, mouse...ch.1
Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) - a electrical charge to another with unequal charge ch.3
Video Graphics Array (VGA) - color modes 16 & 256; 800 x 600 r max; refresh rate of 70hzs; 15 end pin..ch.4
Advanced Technology (AT) - is a motherboard form factor; power supply; used with AT or Baby, AT found in older desktops and towers..ch.5
Advanced Technology Extended (ATX) - is a motherboard form; has the processor and memory inline with the fan output; allows full length expansion cards; power supply form factor too; used with ATX or NLX, found in newer desktops and towers..ch.5
New Low-profile Extended (NLX) - is a motherboard form; places the expansion slots sideways on special riser card to optimize space; prone to overheating
Balanced Technology Extended (BTX) - is a motherboard form; by lining all heat-producing components between air intake vents and exhaust fans, components are cooled by passive heat sinks; quiter overall; more expensive; intel
(RIMM) not an acronym - memory modules; (16 bit) 184 pins, (32 bit) 232 pins
Dual Inline Memory Module (DIMM) - 64 bit memory module; 168 pins (SDRAM), 184 pins (DDR), 240 pins (DDR2); has a heat speader to prevent overheating
Single Inline Memory Module (SIMM) - memory modules; 72 pins, 30 pins
Windows 2000 - 32 MB RAM required; 2GB free space
Windows XP - 64 MB RAM required; 1.5 free space
Musical Instrument Digital Interface (MIDI) - music output; 31.25 Kbps; 15 pins
Game Port - joystick, etc.; 15pins
Parallel Cable - IEEE 1284; printer connection, cd rom; 600KBps to 1.5MBps; 25 pins
Universal Serial Bus (USB) - connects 127 peripherals; 480Mbps; USB 3.0 - 5 Gbps, energy efficient;
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers; FireWire (IEEE 1394) - FireWire 400 MBps, FireWire 800 MBps; digital video; 100 meter; apple
RCA Jack - used for sound and video; common headset jack; composite
Centronics - used in conjuction with parallel connection; printer, SCSI interface; 36 pin
Serial Advance Technology Attachment (SATA) - a bus interface for connecting bus adapters to mass storage; SATA 1.0 (1.5 Gbps), SATA 2.0 (3.0 Gbps), SATA 3.0 (6 Gbps); 7 pins
Parallel Advance Technology Attachment (PATA) - interface standard for the connection of storage devices; IDE/ATA/ATAPI/UDMA are all different types of PATA interfaces; 40 pins
Intregrated Drive Electronics (IDE) - Hard Drive bus; IDE refers to any drive that has a built in controller; ATA - 2 and higher are EIDE (Enhanced);
Parallel Small Computer System Interface (SCSI Parallel Interface or SPI) - External Bus; speed - 320 Mbps, 640 Mbps; 50 pins, 68 pins, 80 pins; legacy
Serial Attached Small Computer System Interface (SAS) - Bus; backwards compatible with second generation SATA; uses point to point serial protocol which replaces SPI; speed 3.0 Gbps, 6.0 Gbps; 26, 29, 32, 36 pins (Both internal and External versions)
Extended Graphics Array (XGA) - 1024 x 768 -256r.; 800 x 600 - 65,536r; XGA -2 true color upgrade supports 16 million resolution for both with better refresh rates; IBM
Super eXtended Graphics Array (SXGA+) common on 14 - 15 in LCD laptop displays; 1400 x 1050 pixels; a version of (SXGA) used on many 17 to 19 in LCD screens
Ultra eXtended Graphics Array (UXGA) 1600 x 1200; the same as Widescreen (WUXGA) expect the resolution is 1920 x 1200 & 16:10; Quad eXtended Graphics Array (QXGA) with 4x the pixels as XGA; Hex eXtended Graphics Array (HXGA) as 16x the pixels as XGA; Wide Hex eXtended Graphics Array (WHUXGA) 7680 x 4800r
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