Essay about Motivation: Personality Psychology and Wireless Information

Submitted By sagi3011
Words: 705
Pages: 3

Motivation (exists within individual, pushing factors) * Direction: path which people engage their effort choice of what to do, what they are trying to achieve, to what extent (quality and quantity)….IN SHORT: GOALS/TARGETS? * Intensity: amount of effort allocated to the goal * Persistence: continuing the effort for a certain amount of time
Extrinsic (perceived usefulness and ease of use) and intrinsic (perceived enjoyment) motivators * Intrinsic motivation refers to the performance of an activity for no apparent reinforcement other than the process of performing the activity per se. * Extrinsic motivation is defined as the performance of an activity because it is perceived to be instrumental in achieving valued outcomes that are distinct from the activity itself.

Autonomous and controlled motivation (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3212689/) * Autonomous motivation involves taking on an activity because it is interesting and enjoyable (integrated regulation) or because the activity is personally valuable and instrumental to outcomes that are detachable from the activity itself (identified regulation). * Controlled motivation is both characterized by partially integrated behavior that is initiated to avoid guilt and shame or to gain approval of others (introjected regulation) and behavior that is completely the result of external contingencies, rewards and punishments (external regulation)

Ability * Aptitudes: natural talents that help employees to learn faster/perform better * Learned capabilities: skills and knowledge that one currently possess * Physical or mental skills and knowledge * More educated end users significantly outperformed less educated end users in a training environment. Several studies have reported that higher levels of education are negatively related to computer anxiety, and positively related to favourable computer attitudes (Davis & Davis) * Competency/ Personal traits
Role Perception * Understand the specific tasks assigned * Understand the priority of their various tasks and performance expectations * Understand the preferred behaviours or procedures for accomplishing the assigned tasks
Situational factors * Beyond the employees control * Within the employees control

Personality (http://www.iadis.net/dl/final_uploads/200808L006.pdf)
Personality is a significant factor in the psychosocial effects of using wireless information resources on individuals.

Neuroticism and extraversion personality traits are factors that can influence the effects of using wireless information resources on work and personal domains. * Extraverts can be characterised as sociable and outgoing (Ewen, 2003). * Internet misuse has been associated to the extraversion personality trait (Wyatt et al, 2005) hence the reason positive psychosocial effects occur as a result of individuals using the device for sociable and non-work related activities. Those high in extraversion are therefore at less risk of negative psychosocial effects. * Neuroticism can be characterised as emotionally unstable with a tendency to be nervous and insecure * As these individuals already possess an…