Very often, emotion is the driving force behind mankind’s motivation, whether it is positive or negative. In 1992, psychologists Dr. Carlson and Dr. Hatfield defined emotions as states of feeling with physiological, cognitive, and behavioral components. There are many theories about emotions stretching back to at least as far as Ancient Greece in the works of Plato and Aristotle (Handel, 2011). The later evolved theories tended to be shaped by the advances from empirical research. Theories are no mutually exclusive and many researchers have determined it more useful to incorporate multiple theories in their works. The James-Lange theory, for example, is one of the most respected hypotheses relating to the origin and nature of emotions and is one of the earliest. The James-Lange theory states that “within human beings, there is a response to experiences in the world and that the autonomic nervous system creates physiological events such as muscular tension, a rise in heart rate, perspiration, and dryness of the mouth” (Ellsworth, 2005). Other theories include that of Charles Darwin, who believed that emotional expressions are learned behaviors that eventually become innate in a species because of its survival value. For example, if one animal is able to recognize fear in another animal rather than anger, it allows appropriate survival action be exercised. Finally, there is the facial feedback hypothesis which states that the face has influence over an emotional experience. For example, if someone is forced to smile to make the appearance of being happy at…
boredom of the assembly line. In addition, he conducted experiments and implemented his form of job enrichment in organizations such as AT&T and the U.S. Air Force.
Herberg's theory can be seen as both a personality and an acognitve theory of motivation. He hypothesized that everyone had both hygiene and motivational needs. In addition, he specified that the context of the job, the hygiene factors, could only create dissatisfaction, and only the content of the job, the motivators, could stimulate…
dangerous levels of stress
MY Level of Stress is:
Unit 3 – Motivation and Hunger Assignment
1) LEARNING: MOTIVATION (worth 12 pts) Read the sections on types of Social Motivation on pgs 159 – 161 of your textbook. List and describe all seven types of social motivation. Also list one of the illustrations or examples given in the textbook for each type of motivation.
a)Name: Implicit and Self-Attributed Motivation
Definition: Implicit motives include those aspects of your motives of…
only motivated about their pay and how it is not the thing that brings most job satisfaction. Concepts of the major theories such as Maslow’s hierarchy-need theory, Herzberg’s hygiene theory, Adam’s Equity theory, Expectancy theory and Achievement motivation theory are differentiated and explained. Job satisfaction is one of the major characteristic that all employee want, as it brings happiness, contentment and confidence in their life which in turn helps them to improve their performance at their…
Motivation (exists within individual, pushing factors)
* Direction: path which people engage their effort choice of what to do, what they are trying to achieve, to what extent (quality and quantity)….IN SHORT: GOALS/TARGETS?
* Intensity: amount of effort allocated to the goal
* Persistence: continuing the effort for a certain amount of time
Extrinsic (perceived usefulness and ease of use) and intrinsic (perceived enjoyment) motivators
* Intrinsic motivation refers to the performance…
The capacity to produce an original solution is best know as:
How do individuals with mental retardation differ from those with IQ scores in the normal range?
A) they know fewer facts about the world
B) all of these answers
Correct. (See pages 289-290)
C) they perform some cognitive skills more slowly
D) they do not remember to rehearse material even though they know how to
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Elan likes to avoid using heuristics to solve problems because…
Colorado Technical University
Communication and Feedback: Key to a Company’s Success
Professor Mike Boyd
Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for
Graduate Research Methods
Colorado Springs, Colorado
23 June 2012
Feedback is a positive tool companies use to ensure their employees are producing at the highest levels. Job performance can have a direct impact on the production levels of a company. Communication is the key to encouraging…
prosecuted for a crime, they will use a polygraph to see if I am lying.
Facial feedback - the effect of facial expressions on experienced emotions, as when a facial expression of anger or happiness intensifies feelings of anger or happiness
If someone actually killed someone, you will be able to see the lie or facial feedback of their face change to that cold, hard feeling.
Catharsis - emotional release. The catharsis hypothesis maintains that "releasing" aggressive energy (through action or fantasy)…
Students’ Desire to Learn
Motivation is an important factor in our lives. From elementary school to the workplace, we have been studying, working and trying hard to accomplish our goals. We can’t do those things effectively if there is no motivation. Motivation is more important for students because if they do well during their academic careers, it is better for their lives. In the article “Motivation Matters”, the author introduces four conditions that improve students’ motivation (Crotty). Among them…