Dynamics: The first subject is quiet, apart from a few bars of loud cadences in the middle. The transition is loud and is followed by the second subject which starts quietly, but increases in volume towards the end. The closing section of the exposition contains contrasts of loud and soft dynamics. The development begins and ends quietly, but has a long loud section in the middle. The dynamics in the recapitulation are similar to those of the exposition, but the loud transition section is longer. There are clear contrasts between forte and piano throughout, without many crescendo or diminuendo markings. Terms: Molto Allegro [very fast].
NB Much of the piece is based on the first 3 notes.
First part of first subject: The opening 3 note motif consists of a descending semitone step followed by a repeated note. After the 3 note motif is repeated 3 times the melody then raises a 6th and is followed by a descending stepwise pattern. This phrase is then repeated as a descending sequence. Transition [Bridge passage]: Loud and confident rising leaps between notes of chords emphasizing the first beat of the bar. The purpose of the bridge is to prepare for the entry of the second subject in the relative major key of Bb. Second subject: the first 3 notes descend in semitones [chromatically]. [relaxed sighing motif]. They are followed by 5 notes of the Bb major scale descending from dominant to tonic, the last note repeated twice before ascending stepwise a 4th. There is then a longer chromatic descending melody. Falling, descending chromatic phrases were associated with ‘sighing’ or sadness and characteristic of the graceful