Comparing and Contrasting LINC and ELT Being an immigrant to Canada force you to study English; because in a Country where the first language is English, you must know how communicate with others. There are many programs that help newcomers to improve their English skills and to integrate into the workforce; for example, Language Instruction for Newcomers to Canada (LINC) and Enhanced Language Training (ELT). Both programs have similarities and differences in cost, program focus, requirements and duration. The LINC and ELT program have the same goal, which is to help newcomers with their English skills. Neither LINC nor ELT have a cost. Both programs are free, so people do not need to pay any fee to enroll on each program. In other words, you do not have to be worried if you are not working and making money. On the other hand, to enroll in LINC program people must be a permanent resident or protected person; likewise, for ELT program only permanent resident or protected person are eligible to enroll in the program. In fact, prospective participants have to submit a copy of their Permanent Residence (PR) card or a protected person letter. Although the LINC program has similar requirements, the ELT program needs additional information as Canadian Language Benchmark Level 6 and 7, Post-secondary degree or diploma and work experience, so potential students have to present their resume with all the information about position summary, responsibilities, and qualifications in current or latest jobs, and Educational documents as any papers that prove they finish a degree or diploma. While both programs have the same goal and some of the same requirements, there are several differences from each other. LINC program provides an academic approach and standard suited to internationally trained professionals. In other words, LINC is an academic program with strong emphasis in grammar, reading, writing, listening and speaking; also it provides students necessary skills and confidence to apply this knowledge in their daily life. In addition, the LINC program has a dedicated language lab with Internet access and ESL software, and separate classes for each LINC level (CLB 3- 7). On the other hand, the ELT program provides language for the workplace (CLB 7-10), Canadian workplace culture, employment preparation, career exploration, and the most important thing Canadian work experience gained through an eight week unpaid work placement. Finally, the duration of the each program varies. The LINC program is done in 14 weeks in class program, so students have to attend classes Monday to Friday for at least four months each level. In contrast, ELT program is done in 10 weeks in class program plus eight weeks unpaid work placement. For instance, students have to attend classes Monday to Friday for at least 2 months and a half, and additionally they will do two months of work without payment. In conclusion, both programs give newcomers the opportunity to learn English and help them to integrate into Canadian society. These similarities and differences provide people more options at the moment to decide what they are interested in, or which program is better for them.…
]Ne all know that too much stress hurts our
health, our relationships, and our productivity
at work. The good news: New research reveals
that controlling stress is easier than you thought.
Pull the Plug
by Bruce Cryer, Rollin McCraty, and Doc Chiidre
HESE DAYS, stress is even more
rampant than it was in 1983, when
Time magazine declared it to be
"the epidemic of the eighties." Stress
is growing: According to a survey by
CareerBuiider, an on-line…
affect commitment to a goal.
Analyze your own reactions to stressful situations and discuss the steps you could take to manage the stress associated with your new position.
Stress is the excitement, feeling of anxiety and or physical tension that occurs when the demands placed on an individual exceeds their ability to cope. Stress originates from our reactions to different sources of external stimuli or situations and every person reacts to stress differently. Generally, people who are predisposed…
We as human beings experience stress every single day, whether its good stress or bad stress. No one’s life is free of stress. No matter how sensible, intelligent, or privileged you are. Throughout our lives we will be challenged by frustration, losses, changes and conflicts. Dealing with my own battles with stress, I am a granddaughter of a victim of stress. My grandmother died from symptoms of stress, her Heart exploded. My grandma was a very nice and humble lady. As a housewife…
Anticipating Stress is a combination of multiple simple techniques; Reducing Uncertainty (question what you will be doing and provide tactics to help), Rehearsal (practising your performance to find weaknesses to correct) and reducing the importance of an event (think about the event in a way so that it doesn’t seem as important as you first thought)
Imagery is a great method to reduce stress. Some environments can be very calm, whereas others can be very stressful, often making it…
12—HEALTH, STRESS & COPING: HOW CAN YOU CREATE A HEALTHY LIFESTYLE?
1. According the What Is Psychology? text, stress is defined as any event or environmental stimulus (stressor) that we respond to because we perceive it as challenging or threatening. This definition implies to the three aspects to stress. The text states that first there are stimuli in our lives that we perceive as challenges or threats such as traffic , an approaching exam, or a hurricane. Second our reactions to these stessors…
years, to be approximate eighteen. I have learned a lot in my older years but it was my youngest years when I think I learned one of the most important things. At the age of three I learned that you cant trust anyone but yourself. To understand this you have to understand a little bit about me. Some people are born with easy lives and everything they want and need handed to them, but not me. I had a troubled home to say the least. My father always worked, sometimes 12-hour shifts, only to…
Coping With Stress
I don’t have a very good mechanism for dealing with stress in my life. I have a bad habit of not taking care of things that will become stressful to me, and when I start getting too stressed out because of them, I just want to go hide from the stress. When I do let myself get too stressed, I try and take a break from whatever is causing the stress and listen to music to relax myself a little bit. Listening to music is normally a good way to relax me enough to be able to handle…
Psychology and Management of stress
Outline and evaluate
(i) Selye’s (1956) General Adaption Syndrome of stress.
The General Adaption Syndrome (GAS) is Selye’s belief that that the body has physiological ways in which to deal with long term and short term stress and its and that prolonged exposure to stress can result in illness. He started this in the 1930’s and based this on researching hormones of rats and found that the rats had stress response to his research. He believed…
QUEEN MARGARET UNIVERSITY – INDEPENDENT STUDY MODULE
NAME: Julie Young
PROGRAMME: MSc Palliative Care
AREAS OF INTEREST: Stress in Palliative Care
RATIONALE FOR CHOICE: Over the past two years, the student’s organisation (a Hospice Unit) has undergone many changes, particularly at ward level: a change in environment (a temporary change of building and location in a non-purpose…