November 12, 2014
1) Instead of unifying why were the Turks and Arabs quarreling over Kingdoms?
The Turks and Arabs were quarreling over the kingdoms Young Turks wanted to seize power and save the Ottoman Empire. The young Turks succeeded in the 1908 revolution. They wanted to hold together a vast multiethnic empire. The Ottoman Turks claimed the Arabian Peninsula but exercised only loose control there. For centuries Arabic populations such as Syria and Iraq had been tied to their Ottoman Rulers. Yet beneath the surface ethnic and linguistic tensions simmered between the Arabs and Turks. Turkish nationalism was promoted, also their culture, language and race. Turkish government brutally slaughtered thousands of Armenians Christians. The Arabs grew angry; they opposed the Ottoman rule. They created an alliance with the British who promised them an independent Arab Kingdom.
2) Why would Mustafa Kemal contradict himself by trying to limit religious influence in daily affairs?
What was ironic about Kemal’s contradiction by trying to limit religious influence in daily affairs was that he denied the demands for independence of ethnic minorities. He created a one- system party. Kemal’s most radical changes pertained to religion and culture. Kemal decreed a revolutionary separation of the church and state. Religious schools and courts. What was ironic was he called himself the “father of the Turks.” This reminds me of how religious people view God as their father. He created his own sector.
3) About 1.2 million Indian Soldiers and laborers voluntarily served in Europe?
Why so many and what do you think made them serve. The Indian Nationalism emerged in the late nineteenth century. The British feared revolt. Instead the Indians supported the war effort. Indians voluntarily served in Europe. I believed they joined the war because the British government offered supplies food money and ammunition. The British also opened good government jobs and other minor concessions to the Indians.
4) Gandhi was a very powerful person to the Indians. Why?
Gandhi he was called “great soul” a Hindu title for a man of great knowledge and humanity. Gandhi knew the Indians would not be able to compete militarily against the British. In 1920 he launched a national campaign of nonviolent resistance to British rule. His men boycotted British goods, jobs and honors. He told the peasants not to pay taxes. Gandhi electrified…