While Paleolithic and Neolithic societies were similar for the reason that the cultures shared the polytheistic belief of life after death, the civilizations differ due to the fact that Neolithic's population had inequalities between genders and a division of people by wealth while the Paleolithic people lived an Egalitarian life. Hunter-gatherers of the Paleolithic era moved from place to place depending on food supply and lived a nomadic lifestyle unlike Neolithic societies who built shelters and lived in permanent small villages near water sources and rich soil. In Paleolithic times, while women would gather grains, nuts and berries, men would be off hunting game. While hunting for one week out of the month did not provide the majority of the meals in prehistoric times, it did allow for cooperation between the sexes. Men and women relied on each other's skills before, during and after the hunt and worked together equally. Although men were leaders of the clans, women were treated fair within the group. Neolithic civilizations were not so appeasing to women. Men became the dominant workers in agriculture while women were limited to taking care of children and domesticated animals. This transition took place because with the start of agriculture, it took more labor to tend to the land. Since men were able to physically keep up with the demands of farming, women became subordinate in the roles of the Neolithic society. The population of the Neolithic people became dependent on agricultural farming and domestication of plants and animals to accommodate their growing populations, needs of barley for alcohol, and further advancements of domestication. What started the inequality of women in their social roles started after the Paleolithic era, and began in Neolithic times with division starting when patriarchy and social class were introduced. The hunter-gatherers of Paleolithic times, in contrast, did not have a set rule of government, as it would often just depend on the family or tribe. Neolithic peoples used chiefdoms where patriarchal political organization was based on kinship, and in which formal leadership was taken by a legitimate senior member of a select family or 'house'. The elites would then form ethics relative to the general group. Wealth was also a factor when it came to division in social classes in the Neolithic period. If more livestock was owned and more produce was grown in one family to the point where they had some left over to store and trade for other goods, it created power within the unit and resulted in more wealth. The possession of the natural resources led to inherited gaps between the relative wealth of families. The hunter-gatherers did not care for wealth or social roles because their worries in life were to survive each day and tribes would usually only consist of a family or two so one would not dominate the other. The Paleolithic people also did not care for social status of wealth because they did not store their resources. Instead, they used whatever came to them and would not use the resources in trade. The men in the Neolithic become dominant over the
What is Women's History?
Gender vs. Sex
HISTORY TO THE 1960'S
A correction/revision of traditional history
- men have been at the forefront of world history
- female historians put them in the background.
- 1400s-1950s: 1st histories of the Americas
white, elite, MEN
Great men, great events, great ideas, etc.
Few mentions of WOMEN
- WWII/ "Baby Boom"/ 1960s activism
- New voices incorporated into US History…
to find new pastures; This was known as nomadic pastoralism. Nomadic pastoralism lead to the over grazing which also affected the environment today. As a result of the slash and burn technique, many parts of the land was left useless. During the Neolithic age, agriculture was very new to homo sapiens, and so they did not know what they were doing would damage the earth thousands of year later. Moreover humans began sedentary agriculture which meant that families could finally settle down and grow…
Shape: (2D) the two-dimensional contour that characterizes an object or area
By incorporating the use of space in your design, you can enlarge or reduce the visual space.
-Open, uncluttered spaces
-Cramped, busy spaces
-Unused vs. good use of space
The surface look or feel of something
Smooth Surface- Reflects more light and therefore is a more intense color.
Rough Surface- Absorbs more light and therefore appears darker.
The relative lightness or darkness…
1. Economic growth vs. economic development, define extensive growth & intensive growth
Economic growth is the sustained increase in the output of goods/services of a society.
Economic development is economic growth plus changes in technical and institutional arrangements by with output are produced.
Extensive growth- increase in output due to increase in inputs (labor force grows, land stock increases)
Intensive growth- increase in output per unit of input –…
commercialization of fertilizers began in the mid-19th century, and drastically increased the productivity of farming staple crops across the globe.
Producing high-yielding crops has been a cornerstone of successful civilizations since the dawn of the Neolithic revolution. Evidence of humans using natural growth supplements, such as inedible parts of their crops or animal waste, goes back nearly as far7. Human civilization has a long history of agriculture and the practice of adding nutrient dense soil…
a link between improvement in these measures and GDP than in the past?
4. Describe the North and Thomas model explaining the Neolithic Revolution. Specifically, use a graph to illustrate how population growth affected this change. How is this model consistent with what we know about the transformation from Hunter-Gatherers to Settled Agriculturists?
A. The Neolithic Revolution
1. North and Thomas’ model.
a. Initial CRS(constant return to scale) to hunting. Constant returns to scale. Double the…
Notes from October 3
5,500 year old leather shoe discovered in Armenia (5,500 BP)
Mesolithic (or middle stone age)
Began is Europe, Asia and Africa about 14,000 years ago
The end of the glacial period saw physical changes in human habitats.
Sea levels rose, vegetation changed and herd animals disappeared from many areas.
This period marked a shift to hunting smaller game and gathering a broad spectrum of plants and aquatic resources.
It was a more sedentary period with increase…
Environmental Science Outline
Unit 1: Ecological Principles and Sound Science (2 weeks…8/17-8/28)
• Science as a way of knowing
• Stewardship of the Earth and our ecological footprint
• Environmental Timeline: Neolithic, Industrial and Green Revolutions
• Environmental problems, their causes and solutions
• Sustainable Practices and Behaviors that are necessary
• Fishing methods and sustainable fishing practices
Readings from Textbook:
and didn’t have a method.
They learn that there’s a lot of consensual decision-making. The group works together.
*The Inuit people have a profound and an intimate knowledge of their environment and the flora and fauna within it.
Authority vs. Power:
Leaders from the villages/small scaled societies lead by example. They lead people by the respect they exhibit to the people. They influence people by their own example. People respect them through the way they behave. They have leadership grouped…
within populations vary, and variation affects the ability of individuals to survive and reproduce (for better or worse).
3. Variations are transmitted from parents to offspring, thus reproductive success is important.
Controversial: fact vs. faith
Selection ‘depletes’ variation
Darwin could not address issue of variability—why?
The state of biology
In the video, ‘Darwin’s Dangerous Idea,’ what does the praying mantis illustrate?
Gregor Mendel (1822-1884)http://zh.wikipedia…