While Paleolithic and Neolithic societies were similar for the reason that the cultures shared the polytheistic belief of life after death, the civilizations differ due to the fact that Neolithic's population had inequalities between genders and a division of people by wealth while the Paleolithic people lived an Egalitarian life. Hunter-gatherers of the Paleolithic era moved from place to place depending on food supply and lived a nomadic lifestyle unlike Neolithic societies who built shelters and lived in permanent small villages near water sources and rich soil. In Paleolithic times, while women would gather grains, nuts and berries, men would be off hunting game. While hunting for one week out of the month did not provide the majority of the meals in prehistoric times, it did allow for cooperation between the sexes. Men and women relied on each other's skills before, during and after the hunt and worked together equally. Although men were leaders of the clans, women were treated fair within the group. Neolithic civilizations were not so appeasing to women. Men became the dominant workers in agriculture while women were limited to taking care of children and domesticated animals. This transition took place because with the start of agriculture, it took more labor to tend to the land. Since men were able to physically keep up with the demands of farming, women became subordinate in the roles of the Neolithic society. The population of the Neolithic people became dependent on agricultural farming and domestication of plants and animals to accommodate their growing populations, needs of barley for alcohol, and further advancements of domestication. What started the inequality of women in their social roles started after the Paleolithic era, and began in Neolithic times with division starting when patriarchy and social class were introduced. The hunter-gatherers of Paleolithic times, in contrast, did not have a set rule of government, as it would often just depend on the family or tribe. Neolithic peoples used chiefdoms where patriarchal political organization was based on kinship, and in which formal leadership was taken by a legitimate senior member of a select family or 'house'. The elites would then form ethics relative to the general group. Wealth was also a factor when it came to division in social classes in the Neolithic period. If more livestock was owned and more produce was grown in one family to the point where they had some left over to store and trade for other goods, it created power within the unit and resulted in more wealth. The possession of the natural resources led to inherited gaps between the relative wealth of families. The hunter-gatherers did not care for wealth or social roles because their worries in life were to survive each day and tribes would usually only consist of a family or two so one would not dominate the other. The Paleolithic people also did not care for social status of wealth because they did not store their resources. Instead, they used whatever came to them and would not use the resources in trade. The men in the Neolithic become dominant over the…
Art History 1
September 16, 2012
Art History 1: Essay Points
The Neolithic Period (or New Stone Age) was the beginning of archaeological systems that revolutionized civilizations and brought forth new innovations in technology for future development and growth. Neolithic comes from the Greek word, ‘neo’ meaning ‘new’ and ‘lithic’ meaning ‘stone.’
This period began with civilizations depending on harvest crops and the domestication of wild animals and plants…
The Neolithic Age, Era, or Period, or New Stone Age, was a period in the development of human technology, beginning about 9500 BC in the Middle East that is traditionally considered the last part of the Stone Age. The Neolithic followed the terminal Holocene Epipalaeolithic periods, beginning with the rise of farming, which produced the "Neolithic Revolution" and ending when metal tools became widespread in the Copper Age (chalcolithic) or Bronze Age or developing directly into the Iron Age, depending…
of Agriculture: Neolithic Era:
Neolithic means “New stone age”
In Neolithic society’s archeologists found polishes tools rather than chipped ones
Today Neo\lithic refers to the early stages of agricultural society, from 12,000-6,000 years ago.
Global Climate Change
Agriculture was near impossible 15,00 years ago
Ice age: Earth was much colder and drier than today
Large fluctuations of temp. and rainfall
After the ice age the weather was much more reliable so the Neolithic people took advantage…
The Neolithic era would’ve been a more preferable era to live in because it gave more of a variety than the Paleolithic era. The variety it gave was in lifestyle, tools, economy, and health. Even though the apes that lived in that era didn’t live long, it seemed more beneficial. Their food sources and the way they were able to eat included less labor than it did during the Paleolithic era.
The Neolithic era provided more such as agriculture, pottery…
many uses for ships and submerged material.
Mother nature built us our first house, it is called a cave. The problem with this was nothing about cave dwelling is consistent which is why for a long time nomadic living was the way of life. The Neolithic period, or New Stone Age, was the transformation from hunting and gathering to farming and the domestication of previously wild animals. This also started the development of more permanent roots for societies. The nomadic idea of being a mobile community…
Paleolithic discovery (about 500,000 BCE) which improved the standard of living by providing/facilitating heating, cooking, illumination and protection.
* Language- Which was vital to communication to the transformation of culture.
2. Neolithic revolution (10,000 BCE 4,000 BC)
* The most important change of this new revolutionary period was the shift away from hunting and food gathering to the production of food through agriculture (farming and domestication of animals)…
occurred during the Neolithic Revolution and the Green Revolution these changes in food production had political, social, economic effects on societies and regions.
People went from food gathering to food production. At first man had to gather food to survive because he did not know how to make of grow his own food. This was ok but it was very hard to survive because sometimes food was very hard to find because of winter or snow. Some did not survive. This was the Neolithic Revolution. Then man…
Hammurabi: 1792-1750 BCE; Initiates a series of aggressive military campaigns
31. Menes: there from the South
32. Lascaux: Caves in Southwest France containing Paleolithic symbols
33. Catal Huyuk: largest and best preserved Neolithic settlement
34. Mesopotamia: modern-day Iraq means land between the river is located on the Fertile Crescent
35. The Fertile Crescent: Contains moist and Fertile land
36. Nile Delta: Formed in Lower Egypt
37. Upper Egypt: Southern…
The Neolithic Revolution in most peoples’ perspective was perceived as a period of progress driven by the early man. Advancement of government, and advancement in inventions, leads to improvement within society at that time. This Agricultural Revolution helped increase in extraordinary progress in early life. Because of agriculture, people could now farm in addition to hunting and gathering. This gave people the ability to move and settle into one place. This revolution also helped people form more…