While Paleolithic and Neolithic societies were similar for the reason that the cultures shared the polytheistic belief of life after death, the civilizations differ due to the fact that Neolithic's population had inequalities between genders and a division of people by wealth while the Paleolithic people lived an Egalitarian life. Hunter-gatherers of the Paleolithic era moved from place to place depending on food supply and lived a nomadic lifestyle unlike Neolithic societies who built shelters and lived in permanent small villages near water sources and rich soil. In Paleolithic times, while women would gather grains, nuts and berries, men would be off hunting game. While hunting for one week out of the month did not provide the majority of the meals in prehistoric times, it did allow for cooperation between the sexes. Men and women relied on each other's skills before, during and after the hunt and worked together equally. Although men were leaders of the clans, women were treated fair within the group. Neolithic civilizations were not so appeasing to women. Men became the dominant workers in agriculture while women were limited to taking care of children and domesticated animals. This transition took place because with the start of agriculture, it took more labor to tend to the land. Since men were able to physically keep up with the demands of farming, women became subordinate in the roles of the Neolithic society. The population of the Neolithic people became dependent on agricultural farming and domestication of plants and animals to accommodate their growing populations, needs of barley for alcohol, and further advancements of domestication. What started the inequality of women in their social roles started after the Paleolithic era, and began in Neolithic times with division starting when patriarchy and social class were introduced. The hunter-gatherers of Paleolithic times, in contrast, did not have a set rule of government, as it would often just depend on the family or tribe. Neolithic peoples used chiefdoms where patriarchal political organization was based on kinship, and in which formal leadership was taken by a legitimate senior member of a select family or 'house'. The elites would then form ethics relative to the general group. Wealth was also a factor when it came to division in social classes in the Neolithic period. If more livestock was owned and more produce was grown in one family to the point where they had some left over to store and trade for other goods, it created power within the unit and resulted in more wealth. The possession of the natural resources led to inherited gaps between the relative wealth of families. The hunter-gatherers did not care for wealth or social roles because their worries in life were to survive each day and tribes would usually only consist of a family or two so one would not dominate the other. The Paleolithic people also did not care for social status of wealth because they did not store their resources. Instead, they used whatever came to them and would not use the resources in trade. The men in the Neolithic become dominant over the
to find new pastures; This was known as nomadic pastoralism. Nomadic pastoralism lead to the over grazing which also affected the environment today. As a result of the slash and burn technique, many parts of the land was left useless. During the Neolithic age, agriculture was very new to homo sapiens, and so they did not know what they were doing would damage the earth thousands of year later. Moreover humans began sedentary agriculture which meant that families could finally settle down and grow…
What is Women's History?
Gender vs. Sex
HISTORY TO THE 1960'S
A correction/revision of traditional history
- men have been at the forefront of world history
- female historians put them in the background.
- 1400s-1950s: 1st histories of the Americas
white, elite, MEN
Great men, great events, great ideas, etc.
Few mentions of WOMEN
- WWII/ "Baby Boom"/ 1960s activism
- New voices incorporated into US History…
Shape: (2D) the two-dimensional contour that characterizes an object or area
By incorporating the use of space in your design, you can enlarge or reduce the visual space.
-Open, uncluttered spaces
-Cramped, busy spaces
-Unused vs. good use of space
The surface look or feel of something
Smooth Surface- Reflects more light and therefore is a more intense color.
Rough Surface- Absorbs more light and therefore appears darker.
The relative lightness or darkness…
1. Economic growth vs. economic development, define extensive growth & intensive growth
Economic growth is the sustained increase in the output of goods/services of a society.
Economic development is economic growth plus changes in technical and institutional arrangements by with output are produced.
Extensive growth- increase in output due to increase in inputs (labor force grows, land stock increases)
Intensive growth- increase in output per unit of input –…
commercialization of fertilizers began in the mid-19th century, and drastically increased the productivity of farming staple crops across the globe.
Producing high-yielding crops has been a cornerstone of successful civilizations since the dawn of the Neolithic revolution. Evidence of humans using natural growth supplements, such as inedible parts of their crops or animal waste, goes back nearly as far7. Human civilization has a long history of agriculture and the practice of adding nutrient dense soil…
AU14 MWF Exam 1 Review
The exam will have 5, 10-point questions on it from the questions below.
1. List 2 data sources researchers use to estimate historical standards of living and explain what they can infer from these sources.
1) tax records (production information, shipping information, exports and imports, wealth)
2) church records (births, deaths, life expectancy)
List three indicators of economic development other than National Income measures (NI, GDP, or GNP, level…
A.P. Environmental Science Syllabus
General scope and sequence for the course
|Unit |Topic |Relevant Text Chapters |
|1 |Sound Science, Stewardship and Sustainability |1, 22 |
|2 |Ecosystems and Biogeochemical Cycles |2, 3, 4…
and didn’t have a method.
They learn that there’s a lot of consensual decision-making. The group works together.
*The Inuit people have a profound and an intimate knowledge of their environment and the flora and fauna within it.
Authority vs. Power:
Leaders from the villages/small scaled societies lead by example. They lead people by the respect they exhibit to the people. They influence people by their own example. People respect them through the way they behave. They have leadership grouped…
Notes from October 3
5,500 year old leather shoe discovered in Armenia (5,500 BP)
Mesolithic (or middle stone age)
Began is Europe, Asia and Africa about 14,000 years ago
The end of the glacial period saw physical changes in human habitats.
Sea levels rose, vegetation changed and herd animals disappeared from many areas.
This period marked a shift to hunting smaller game and gathering a broad spectrum of plants and aquatic resources.
It was a more sedentary period with increase…
Anthropology=Study of Humankind
Human species and ancestors
Holistic(整体的)--past, present, and future; biology, society, language, and culture
Comparative, cross-cultural perspective
Exploring variation in time (diachronic历经时间长河的) and space (synchronic不考虑历史上变化的)
Anthropology in the news:
It is all about adaptation
What distinguishes humans from other species?
Before J. Goodall, it was just technology