Neurodevelopmental and Neurocognitive Disorders Essay

Words: 1711
Pages: 7

Neurodevelopmental and Neurocognitive Disorders
Until the twentieth century, little account was taken of the special characteristics of psychopathology in children; maladaptive patterns considered relatively specific to childhood, such as autism, received virtually no attention at all (Butcher & Hooley, 2014). Today there is more attention paid to children with maladaptive behaviors and scientific research has been done that demands more attention is paid to specific children's behaviors, not the behaviors of adult as there are no fair comparisons that allow the diagnosis and treatments of adult and children's behaviors to be equal. Neurodevelopment disorders in children result in maladaptive behavior which appears in different life
…show more content…
R.; March, J. S., 2004).
Treatment using video game format (Topiak et al, 2008), focuses on brain functioning of individuals with ADHD, which is thought to be characterized by excess slow wave activity relative to non-diagnosed individuals, the goals of neurofeedback in this population focus on increasing fast wave activity by providing positive feedback for the individual consciously altering brain wave patterns (Bidwell, C. L., McClemon, J. F., Kollins, S. H. 2011).

Neurocognitive Disorder: Alzheimer's Disorder
Brain impairment in adults are the causes of neurocognitive disorders and they are often much more specific than is the case for other disorders. In the DSM-5, the disorders that used to be known as "delirium, dementia, and amnesic and other cognitive disorders" are now grouped into a new diagnostic category called Neurocognitive Disorders (Butcher, J. N., Hooley, J. M., Mineka, S., (2014).
Clinical signs of brain damage are persistent in older children and adults with neurocognitive disorders because the brain does not have the power to regenerate cell bodies and neural pathways when they are damaged. Brain injury causes a loss in established functioning. Often, the person who has sustained this loss is painfully aware of what he or she is no longer able to do. This loss adds psychological burden to the physical burden of having the lesion (Butcher, J. N., Hooley, J. N., Mineka, S., 2014, p. 484).
The behavioral criteria for Alzheimer's disorder