New Economic Spaces Definitions Term | Definition | Lecture | Space | An area of the earth’s surface with physical distance; an abstract concept, w/ territoriality/form, location within space, “flowable”, unevenly developed | 1 | Place | Area to which a group of people have become attached; specificity and uniqueness | 1 | Scale | Geographical levels of human activity; differently sized units of analysis (ie. Global, macro-regional, national, regional, local, lived places, body) | 1 | Economic geography | Different from geography b/c it focuses on the economics of a region; different from just economics b/c it looks at a particular place and is very specific (less abstract) | 1 | Ecological depletion | Canada’s colonial exploitation has involved natural resources (ie. Fur, water, oil, wood) lead to the long-term unsustainability of major industries such as fishing, mining, logging | 1 | Technological dependence | Canada has had to resort to borrowing technology from other countries and we have “produced” very little innovation; Canada spends very little on R&D | 1 | Continental integration | Lowering of economic barriers and increasing global trade under pressure from WTO & IMF; leads to the formation of trade blocks or “triads” (EU, NAFTA) | 1 | Cultural deterritorialization | The cultural adoptions of other countries as part of your economy (ie. Anime and Hollywood based industries of Vancouver) | 1 | Modelling Tradition | Objective to account for observed patterns of spatial economic activity using mathematical models | 1 | Principles of modeling traditions | Unversalism: belief hat economic processes work the same way in every context, (supply and demand of oil is the sameas those of computer chips)Rationality: idea that economic rationality prevails (choosing the most profitable/cheapest products)Competition/equilibrium: market mechanism finds greatest efficiency and productivity (achieving the lowest cost means that the greatest efficiency is met, not so true in the long rum)Laws and principles: govern economic processes (supply, demand laws hold true all the time) | 1 | Behaviourism | Role of information and human choices in determining decision-making and locational outcomes; perfect competition is not present everywhere (you have oligopolies and monoplies); non-optimal economic behaviour; relationship between firm and technology | 1 | Marxian Political Economy | Capitalism is characterized by exploitation and inequity and leads to uneven development, capitalism is prone to crises and these are contained through restructuring processes (technological and organizational changes or relocation. | 1 | Marxian Politcal Economic Traditions | Crisis theory, spatial division of labour, regulation theory | 1 | Term | Definition | Lecture | Tariff Barrier | A set of duties imposed on goods coming in from foreign countries, usually at steep rates that are meant to deter domestic consumers from buying foreign goods and substituting them with domestic goods. Part of Canadian reciprocity to American policies of 1870s (John A. MacDonald) | 2 | Transcontinental Railroad | Another policy set up by John A. MacDonald to strengthen Canadian unity in the 1870s to counter increased American hostility | 2 | Harold Innis | A renowned professor in political economy who taught at University of Toronto. One of the first people to argue for the creation of theories that are sensitive to economic and geographic contexts that are empirically grounded. He wrote a book on the fur trade. This idea is very true for resource economies. | 2 | Staple | Principal item of trade or consumption produced and consumed by a society. Specifically raw/unprocessed or semi-processed forms | 2 | Staples production | Primary resource activities and primary manufacturing activities in which
(putting indian head on monument)
- Ghettoization in Baltimore
Porosity - or void fraction is a measure of the empty spaces in a material, and is a fraction of the volume of voids over the total volume, between 0 and 1, or as a percentage between 0 and 100%
Significance: metaphor for fluid transitions between work and leisure, formal and informal economy, street and domestic space, public and private life
Example: Professor talks about the time (clock) of capitalism in lecture 9. Time is measurable…
How Does Space and Time Compression Afford Us Information on Many Places and People
First of all to understand how time and space compression affects us you have to know what time and
Space compression is.
You have to understand the geographical definition.
Time and space compression is the speed of transportation making things and places closer.
Time and Space Compression Ushers in Technology
Time and space compression gives us pathways to new technologies or even to new information.
10 years, taking into consideration the impact of technology on human relations?
Social interaction has been changing over the years as technology has progressed. Especially during the last two decades, the evolving technology has provided a new definition to human relations. During the 1990’s, the only mobile company ruling was Nokia, and lived up to its tag line of “Connecting people”. That was one phase of social interaction then. As technology advanced further, we not only have numerous mobile…
of a multitude of environments that exist at different scales. These scales range from personal space to neighbourhoods, communities (both towns and cities), regions, nations, and the world itself
There environments are shaped by people’s behaviour, and governed by the decisions made by individuals and groups of individuals (populations)
The decisions people make are dictated by their cultural, economic, political, social, and religious backgrounds and their gender and sexual orientations
biology and social sciences: anthropology, sociology,
history, economics, and political science.
Therefore, Geography is interdisciplinary.
Three Central Questions:
Where is it?
Why is it there?
Why does it matter?
Connection between environment and
A Childhood Landscape Map: Cognitive
Concept of Space in geography
Definition: Space is the extent of an area, usually
expressed in terms of the…
underlying visions and ideals whether it is the New Urbanism, Smart Growth, the Compact City, or any other movement relating to the improvement of the built environment. The concept is being embraced more by private sectors, and by each of the major parties involved in the real estate development process, the end users who demand space; the developers, investors, and ﬁnancial institutions that supply space; and the planners and policy makers that regulate space.
There are many reasons for growth of mixed-use…
Living a healthy lifestyle is the biggest concern in creating a smart growth community in Malaysia. Towards building the community, the involvement of landscape architects who are capable and skillful in varies of aspects such as planning and designing is one the needs in visualising a smart growth community into reality. But through the process of creating it, there are few challenges that landscape architects in Malaysia should face and as for making it into reality, landscape architects…
the possibility of us making new friends. In a study by Madge, who investigated Facebook use by University students, “over half of the respondents had used Facebook to make new ‘virtual’ friends prior to starting University” (Madge 7). The fact that many teenagers have made Facebook a preferred mode of making friends further emphasizes the ease of forming new social connections on Facebook. Therefore it can be seen that Facebook has immense potential for establishing new social ties among people. The…
My social interactions and relations have been shaped by space and time in many ways. Events and standard time are a major factor in structuring my time. Interactions with groups and people help shape my sense of space and are connected to different dominant institutions. Previous interactions and relations have helped unify my sense of time and space. Also, my social interactions and relations have changed my ideas about space and time and also relate to the way I think of myself.
necessary and essential tools as economics and marketing tools in business. As most of population knows about apple products and its technology namely iphone, ipad, ipod, desktop computer, note book laptop and music system and soon. We would like to concentrate on ipad in addition to this we have chosen United states as market. First ipad launched about early and mid of the year 2010 and they called as 1st generation moreover they have launched more four so total five new series of ipad from 2010 to today…