Nice: Nicholas Ii of Russia and Russian Empire Essay

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Biographies of key People Alexandra Feodorovna
Born 6 June 1872 Darmstadt, German Empire and died 17 July 1918(1918-07-17) (aged 46) Yekaterinburg, Russian SFSR. She was the last Empress of Russia. Married to Nicholas II. Unlike her predecessor Marie Feodorovna (spouse to Alexander III), the new tsarina of Imperial Russia was heartily disliked among her subjects. As the tsarina, Alexandra seemed very cold and curt, although according to her and many other close friends, she was only terribly shy and nervous in front of the Russian people. She felt her feelings were bruised and battered from the Russians' "hateful" nature. She was also frowned upon by the wealthy and poor alike for her distaste for Russian culture, whether it was the food or the manner of dancing. Her inability to produce a son also incensed the people.

Tsar Nicholas Alexandrovich Romanov
Born 18 May 1868 Tsarskoye Selo, Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire, Alexander Palace and died 17 July 1918(1918-07-17) (aged 50) Yekaterinburg, Russian SFSR. He was the last Emperor of Russia. Married to Alexandra Feodorovna. He reign for22 years, 134 days (1 November 1894 – 15 March 1917). Nicholas desperately wanted to go into exile in the United Kingdom following his abdication. He had 4 daughters and 1 one son.
Execution
The British government initially offered him asylum in England, but this was overruled by King George V who, acting on the advice of his secretary Lord Stamfordham, was worried that Nicholas' presence in the UK might provoke an uprising. In the early hours of July 17, 1918, the royal family was awakened around 2:00 am, told to dress, and led down into a half-basement room at the back of the Ipatiev house. Present was Nicholas, Alexandra and their children. Nicholas was carrying his son; when the family arrived in the basement, the former empress complained that there were no chairs for them to sit in. Yurovsky ordered chairs brought in, and when the empress and the heir were seated, the assassins filed into the room. Yurovsky announced to them that they had been condemned to death by the Ural Soviet of Workers' Deputies. A stunned Nicholas asked, "What? What?" and turned toward his family. Accounts differ on whether Yurovsky quickly repeated the order or whether he simply shot the former emperor outright. One witness among the several who later wrote accounts of Nicholas's last moments reported that the Tsar said, "You know not what you do," paraphrasing Jesus's words on the cross.

The assassins drew revolvers and the shooting began. Nicholas was the first to die; Yurovsky shot him multiple times in the chest (sometimes incorrectly said the head, since his skull bore no bullet wounds when it was discovered in 1991). Anastasia, Tatiana, Olga, and Maria survived the first hail of bullets; the sisters were wearing over 1.3 kilograms of diamonds and precious gems sewn into their clothing, which provided some initial protection from the bullets and bayonets. They were stabbed with bayonets and then shot at close range in the head.
Grigori Rasputin
Born 22 January 1869(1869-01-22) Pokrovskoye, Siberia, Russian Empire and died 29 December 1916(1916-12-29) (aged 47) Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire. He was a Russian Orthodox Monk. The murder of Rasputin has become a legend, some of it invented by the very men who killed him, which is why it has become difficult to discern the actual course of events. On December 16, 1916, having decided that Rasputin's influence over the Tsaritsa had made him a threat to the empire group of nobles led by Prince Felix Yusupov and the Grand Duke Dmitri Pavlovich and the right-wing politician Vladimir Purishkevich apparently lured Rasputin to the Yusupovs' Moika Palace by intimating that Yusupov's wife, Princess Irina, would be present and receiving friends (in point of fact, she was away in the Crimea)The group led him down to the cellar, where they served him cakes and red wine laced with a large amount of cyanide.…