Sociology deals with the ways that social structure and culture are related. Social structure is definied by a variety of ideas. The structure of a society can be seen as the society's organization, such as its religious, political, or economical institutions, rules, routines, and relationships that create the society. Social culture deals more with the beliefs and values of the society. Sociology is seen by some as a science, where facts can be obtained by collecting data, and hypotheses can become theorems. As a science, sociology would have to be value-free, and sociologists, as scientists, should not be interested in changing society; rather, they must be interested in observing and explaining it. Others believe that sociology, as a study of the groups of people, should be used to aid in the creation of a better society, and therefore sociologists should be obliged to alter and possibly fix society. This paper will assert that sociology should remain a science which seeks to explain the world. The concept of sociology as a science is supported both by the founding fathers of the field and by contemporary minds. These leading sociologists, such as Emile Durkheim, Max Weber, and Peter Berger, support the scientific aspects of sociology. In addition, sociology must remain neutral to the religous, political, and moral values which it seeks to describe. The field of cosmology-the study of the universe, in particular its origin-can be used as a model for the movement of sociology into a universally accepted, value-free science. Stephen Hawking's best-seller A Brief History of Time, in particular its first chapter, is an ideal source to back up this claim, as both fields-physics in the mid- and later parts of the milennium, and sociology beginning the late 19th century-had to endure the influence of
Auguste Comte (1798?-1863?)
The Father of Sociology
1. Societies are more than all the people that make them up
2. Therefore we can treat society “like” like a thing so that Society can be studied scientifically – 1st person to make this observation
3. Came up with the name “Sociology”; originally he wanted to call it “social physics”
4. Science would be the new religion
1859 the only date you have to know in this course.
On the Origin of…
implement. Policy application of Theory B has yielded a high success rate at preventing crime with very high costs to implement. Which theory would you prefer and why? 5. Many disciplines factor into criminological theories, such as psychology, sociology, biology, political science, and criminal justice. Do you feel that the integration of all of these disciplines holds the best chance for explaining the most crime, or should the…
Socialization and Functionalism
April 28, 2014
Socialization is a very important part of everyone’s life, whether a person knows it or not.
It determines how we become who we are, how we fit into society, and how we act. It sets
standards and appropriate behaviors within our society. Socialization is a constant process where
an individual receives and internalizes an identity and learns behaviors…
Part I. Introduction
Chapter 1. What is Human Ecology?
Chapter 2. Environment, Technology, and Culture
What Is Human Ecology?
Chapter 1. WHAT IS HUMAN ECOLOGY?
Another Unique Species
(Title of Robert Foley’s 1987 book on evolutionary human ecology)
What is human ecology? Human ecology is an approach to the study of human behavior marked by two committments. First, human ecologists think that humans should be
studied living systems operating in complex environments…