As one of the earliest settlement areas in North America, the Maritime region has been an emblem of heritage roots throughout the course of Canadian history. Often referred to as a symbol of regional sovereignty, historians have labelled the Maritimes as a pioneer of the earliest commerce and trade activities. It is for this very reason that many have alluded to the Golden Ages of the Maritimes, a period marked by regional economic growth. With a pre-existing maturity in the fishing, logging, farming, and shipping industries, the technological improvements brought by industrialization at the turn of the 19th century led to the boom of industrial bases for steel and coal markets. This enabled the three provinces to capitulate their geographical advantage since the area was abundant in coal deposits, and lead to one of the wealthiest expansions in Maritime history. As Acheson famously points out, the local attitude was that despite transportation problems, it would still become the industrial centre of Canada because only it had commercially viable iron and coal deposits, and only it could control Montreal fuel resources. Why then, did the end of an era dominated by manufacturing lead to an economic stagnation that left a permanent imprint over the course of the century? Over the years, historians and economists alike have deemed a variety of factors as accountable for the general economic backwardness that prevailed. While some of these academic research pose contradictions amongst themselves, the general proposition is that the phenomenon was driven by a mixture of social economic rationalization, political incentives, and geographically inherent conditions. To shed more in-depth light on the analysis of the Maritime experience, a preliminary examination is required on the various proposals of when the downturn started. These different arguments on timing serve as the framework, and derive fundamentally different conclusions as the reasons causing the pecuniary difficulties. For instance, historian Kris Inwood claims the early decline of Maritime industry, finding signals that indicated the end of the boom era in 1870. T.W Acheson and Richard Caves, however, take on the converging view that the decline initiated in late 1880s, though their reasons differ. David Alexander is notable for claiming that earlier declines are side-effects of the global Long Depression, and that the Maritimes' backwardness was only relative, since the rest of Canada benefited more from the boom of the early 1900s compared to the region. Perhaps the most controversial view is posed by E.R Forbes, who claims that the downturn was due to poorly implemented post-war railway policies as late as 1919. These differing opinions on timing lead to diverging views on the root causes, all of which may be classified into two general categories. One conceptual perspective examining the regional differences on manufacturing is known as Structuralism. This associates Maritime development with loss of local control over political and economic decision-making. Employing a policy-based approach, advocates of Structuralism argue that Maritime backwardness is due to a series of government policies that are unfavourable to the region. Economic stagnation in this sense is due to external factors, and the resulting consequences may have been avoided. On the other hand, the Staples Theory claim that economic production is largely dependent on geographical and technological conditions surrounding the environment. In line with Innis' Staples Thesis, this school of thought attributes Maritime backwardness to inherent factors beyond the region's control, and employs a less critical and more passive view on the government's role. As supporters of Structuralism have noted, significant contributors to the declining Maritimes industries are government policies. Inwood claims that “an inward-looking or continentalist Central Canada dominated the political union and established
Feedback Paper 4
Which of the following is NOT an emergency frequency?
What Obstacle Clearance is guaranteed at a range greater than 5 mm
from the edge of the holding area of a holding pattern?
What is the minimum time separation applied between a light aircraft
taking off behind a heavy?
If there is sufficient time for information to be disseminated by other
alternative, low-cost methods
tolithography can produce sub-100 nm
features. Such improvements come with an everic tools . As
for printing sub-100 nm features . Many of these
methods are limited in their ability to do precise
overlay . In 1999, Willson and Sreenivasan developed
step and flash imprint lithography (S-FILTM) . The use
of a quartz template opens up the potential for
optical alignment of the wafer and template . This
paper reviews several key aspects of the S-FIL
contribute to forensic science cases?
Peter M. Boffelli Jr.
LSCJ 4123 Introduction to Forensic Science
Unit #3 Course Spanning Project
Dr. Heather Ketchum PhD.
University of Oklahoma
December 2, 2012
“I certify that this paper is an original paper composed by me for this course. Except where properly cited and attributed, it has not been copied or closely paraphrased from any other source and has not been submitted as a whole, or in part, for credit in any other course at OU or any other educational…
The Effect of pH on the Rate of an Enzyme Reaction
The problem being investigated in this lab is the effects of salt concentration, pH, temperature, and inhibitors on the rate of an enzyme reaction.
If the salt concentration of a solution is very low or zero, the charged amino acid side chains of the enzyme molecules would stick together and cause the enzyme to denature and be an inactive substance. The pH scale ranges from 0 to 14. When pH is between 0…
evolved over time, men and women see things differently. The purpose of this project will test the visual perception of males and females on different levels. These levels include color, perception, and focus. By testing each of these aspects using twenty males and twenty females ,all sixteen years old, and analyzing the results, we can clearly see which aspects are more prominent in males and females.
Our problem for this experiment is that if we test different aspects of…
At this point air was drawn through the AgCl for 10 minutes. After the vacuum filtration was finished, the solid AgCl along with the 0.235 g filter paper was transferred to a 47.92 g evaporating dish. Next, this dish was place on a hot plate set at 100 degrees Celsius. At five-minute intervals, the dish was weighed to calculate the mass of dish and its contents. This step was repeated till the difference between two successive measurements…
Temperature Effects in Semiconductors
The changes in temperature described in the previous chapter affect the speed,
power, and reliability of our systems. Throughout this book, we will examine all
three of these metrics, though the majority of our discussion will be on how
temperature affects the speed performance. In this chapter, we discuss the problem
of temperature variation at the device and circuit level. In Sect. 2.1, we provide a
background on the material dependences on temperature…
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Check that this booklet has pages 2–11 in the correct order and that none of these pages is blank.
YOU MUST HAND THIS BOOKLET TO YOUR TEACHER AT THE END OF THE ALLOTTED TIME.
of Chemical Engineering, Chemistry and Biotechnology, Mapua Institute of Technology, Chm171L/A1, School of Chemical Engineering, Chemistry and Biotechnology, Mapua Institute of Technology, Experiment # 4
The objectives of this experiment are to examine the components of a simple spectrophotometer- the Jenway 6100 & Perkin Elmer Lambda 40. As well as to determine the absorption spectrum of a solution and to prepare a Beer’s Law Plot. In the spectrometer used, the light source…
information about the subject
If we use paper chromatography to separate the pigments in spinach leaves, then we will see several different pigments because plants use other pigments besides chlorophyll a (the green pigment) to capture visible light for photosynthesis.
1. What factors are involved in the separation of the pigments?
a. Some factors that may be involved in the separation of the pigments are size of the molecules, their attraction to the paper, and how attracted they are to the solvent…