No Child Left Behind Essay

Submitted By diamondgates15
Words: 315
Pages: 2

The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (Public Law 107-110), often

abbreviated in print as NCLB and sometimes shortened in pronunciation to "nickel bee,"

is a controversial United States federal law (Act of Congress; co-authored by

Democratic Rep. George Miller of California and Democratic U.S. Sen. Edward

Kennedy of Massachusetts) that reauthorized a number of federal programs aiming to

improve the performance of U.S. primary and secondary schools by increasing the

standards of accountability for states, school districts, and schools in addition to

providing parents more flexibility in choosing which schools their children will attend.

Additionally, NCLB promoted an increased focus on reading and re-authorized the

Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965. The Elementary and Secondary

School Act, designed by Commissioner of Education Francis Keppel, was passed on

April 9, 1965, less than three months after it was introduced. This piece of legislation

constituted the most important educational component of the 'War on Poverty' launched

by President Lyndon B. Johnson. Through special funding (Title I), this piece of

legislation also allocated large resources to meet the needs of educationally deprived

children, especially through compensatory programs for the poor (Johnson, 1966).

The Elementary and Secondary Education Act was developed under the principle

of redress, which established that children from low-income homes required more…