Organizational Cultures Are Often Ambiguous * Scholars of organizational cultures understand that there is not always a clear picture of the organizations culture or subcultures. * Martin (2002) calls this - fragmentation perspective. These cultures and subcultures are difficult to interpret, often times unclear and hard to comprehend. * Many scholars argue that we live in a “postmodern world” that is multifaceted, fragmented, fast-moving, and difficult to understand. * Current organizational scholars take an approach that seeks to understand the ways communication and interaction work together in an organization. These scholars look at values, behaviors, stories, rules, and metaphors that make up an organization’s culture. * Current scholars also acknowledge that culture is socially created through communication of it members. They look for similarities and differences within subcultures.
Schein’s Model of Organizational Culture *