APUSH – McNamara
Ch. 7-9 Study Guide
With the election of 1800, the forging of a new national identity emerges, to a great extent, from Jefferson’s ideas, political conflict, and international turmoil. In this chapter you will see and try to understand the central problem of Jefferson and Madison as the struggle of two idealists forced to deal pragmatically with complex national and international issues. Chapter 8 highlights the theme of unity amidst diversity and begins to look at the “damnable institution” of slavery that is a great blight on the American conscience. The final chapter of this unit focuses on Jacksonian democracy. It is important for students to understand that while Jackson is trying to include all the people in his democracy, many people were still left of this mass participation.
The Rise of Cultural Nationalism (182-188) 1. Why was education central to the Republican vision of America? 2. What effect did Republican ideology have on education in the United States? 3. How did education change/not change for women and other minorities? 4. Explain the cultural independence that Jeffersonian America sought. 5. What sorts of works by American authors were most influential and why? 6. How did the American Revolution affect traditional forms of religious practice? 7. What caused the Second Great Awakening? 8. Why were the Methodists, Baptists, and the Presbyterians so successful on the frontier? 9. What was the “message” and impact of the Second Great Awakening, and what impact did it have on women, African Americans, and Native Americans?
Stirrings of Industrialism ( 188-194) 1. What technological advances helped changed American ambivalence toward British industrialism? 2. What impact did Eli Whitney’s invention have on the North and South? 3. What effect did America’s transportation system have on industrialization? 4. What were the characteristics of American population growth and expansion in the years between 1790 and 1800? 5. How did the Industrial Revolution in Great Britain lead to and influence the industrial Revolution in America? 6. How did the industrial Revolution change societies in the US and the world?
Jefferson the President (194-200) 1. How was the pastime of “horseracing” bound by lines of class and race? 2. How and why did Jefferson attempt to minimize differences between the two political parties? 3. How was it at times that “Jefferson seemed to outdo the Federalists at their own work?” 4. What were the characteristics of the “spirit of democratic simplicity: that was the style set by Jefferson for his administration? 5. How did the Republican administration move toward dismantling the structure of the federal power that the Federalists had erected? 6. Why did Jefferson, despite his views on government spending, go to “war” with the Pasha of Tripoli? What was the outcome? 7. What were the roots of Jefferson’s conflicts with the federal court system, and how did the case of Marbury v. Madison fit into the controversy?
Doubling the National Domain (200-204) 1. How the negotiations for the Louisiana Purchase conducted and what were were the terms agreed on? 2. What were the reasons behind Jefferson’s reservations over the purchase and how was he able to reason these doubt away? 3. What was the reaction of the New England Federalists to the Purchase, and what was their plan to overcome its effects?
Expansion and War ( 204-208) 1. How did each belligerent nation attempt to prevent America from trading with the other, and why was one more successful than the other, and what was our response? 2. What was Jefferson’s response to the Chesapeake-Leopard affair, and why did he take this action? 3. What was the