Nuclear Fusion Learning the process of nuclear fusion is one of scientist’s greatest discoveries. From how much energy is radiated from the sun to the creation of the hydrogen bomb, nuclear fusion has impacted our world much more than we think. Within this paper, the history and description, importance, relation to our chemistry class, and current research regarding the topic will be explored. In the 1930’s, nuclear fusion was only a process known by scientists that explained how the sun and other stars yielded an enormous amount of energy. But during the 1950’s, scientist discovered a way to explore how and where the energy derives. They found that when two light atoms, often isotopes of hydrogen, collide together at extremely high speeds, they create a larger atom, but also release a large amount of energy in the process. Heavier atoms are much less likely to fuse, and any atom heavier then iron will not fuse at all. After fusion, the mass of the product atom will be less than the sum of the two reactants’ mass. This mass is often calculated by one of Einstein’s most popular formulas, E=mc2 (m representing mass, c representing the speed of light). Overall, this equation states that even when the amount of mass that “disappears” is very small, the amount of energy produced is still very large. Nuclear fusion naturally occurs often on Earth, such as four hydrogen nuclei fusing together to create a helium atom. But, scientists discovered a process that greatly increases the energy output of nuclear fusion called a thermonuclear reaction. This type of reaction created what we call the hydrogen bomb. As heat increases in the casing, gas particles move faster and therefore cause more collision. When the temperature reaches approximately 100,000,000oC, the hydrogen atoms collide so powerfully that they create a mass explosion. In general, scientists found a way to harness a reaction at temperatures completely unknown to earth and create a bomb from it.
Many people are dreaming of a way to use nuclear fusions power under more…
As the population in the world is getting larger, the demand of energy is getting higher. With advanced technology today, people started to use nuclear energy in their lives instead of using other natural resources to generate power. When we are sitting in our home, enjoying the benefit from using nuclear energy, have we thought about the disadvantage and the effect on different aspect of using nuclear power? Have we thought that the problems are not only about ourselves but also…
article is about the power source. For nation states that are nuclear powers, see List of states with nuclear weapons.
The Susquehanna Steam Electric Station, a boiling water reactor. The reactors are located inside the rectangular containment buildings towards the front of the cooling towers.
Three nuclear-powered American warships, (top to bottom) nuclear cruisersUSS Bainbridge and USS Long Beach withUSS Enterprise the first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier in 1964. Crew members are spelling…
Title: Should Nuclear Power be used as an energy resource in the future?
Nuclear power is one of the popular energy resources this century, because it cannot only create electricity power. In the 1950s, it started to develop for the peaceful purposes of nuclear fission, especially for power generation. In the 1950s, the first commercial nuclear power plant started operation (World Nuclear Association, 2012). Since then, the percentage of electricity generation from nuclear sources has increased…
A nuclear weapon is an explosive device that derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions, either fission or a combination of fission and fusion. Both reactions release vast quantities of energy from relatively small amounts of matter. The first fission bomb test released the same amount of energy as approximately 20,000 tons of TNT. The first thermonuclear bomb test released the same amount of energy as approximately 10,000,000 tons of TNT.
A thermonuclear weapon weighing little more…
Nuclear Energy (Word Count: 1774)
Upper Iowa University
"On July 16, 1945, the United States detonated the fission (atomic) bomb; it was the first nuclear reaction to ever be tested" (pbs.org). In the beginning, an intense flash of light flooded the valley as observers witnessed from their bunkers 10 kilometers away. Within two seconds, a massive fireball expanded 600 meters throughout the sky and boiled 12 kilometers high into the shape of a mushroom. Nearly…
In Favor of Nuclear Power
Nuclear power, or nuclear energy, is the use of exothermic nuclear processes, to generate useful heat and electricity. The term includes nuclear fission, nuclear decay and nuclear fusion. Presently the nuclear fission of elements in the actinide series of the periodic table produce the vast majority of nuclear energy in the direct service of humankind, with nuclear decay processes, primarily in the form of geothermal energy, and radioisotope thermoelectric generators…
21.1 Radioactivity [p.894]
1. Background information
a. Nuclear Chemistry- study of nuclear reactions.
b. nucleons– protons and neutrons
c. mass numbers determine the isotope of an element
d. Stability of a nucleus is dependent on the proton to neutron ration.
e. Nuclide is a nucleus with a specific number of protons and neutrons
i. Radionuclides- nuclei that are radioactive
1. Unstable and spontaneously decay emitting particles and electromagnetic radiation
2. Emissions help unstable isotopes…
Nowadays, nuclear power is one of the hottest topics that people are talking about. How do the nuclear weapons damage to modern urban areas? Countries are discussing about it in different meetings again and again, and they even have many different arguments. Most people consider nuclear power as a symbol of destruction. However, each coin has two sides. Nuclear power also does benefits to people; in other words, the threat of nuclear weapons also maintains…
Running Head: Nuclear Proliferation
Contemporary International Problems
Professor Carol Scott
August 20, 2010
This paper is focused on nuclear proliferation. What is nuclear proliferation? After reading this paper you will have a clear understanding of the meaning of nuclear proliferation, as well as gain some knowledge as to how and why nuclear technology came to be. The paper will look at…