Nunavut: Canadian Arctic Archipelago and Nunavut  Nunavut Essay

Submitted By Artur-Disney
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Nunavut
BY ARTUR VARTANYAN AND JUAN ALBERTO COTA

Geography of Nunavut


Nunavut covers 1,877,787 km2 (725,018 sq mi) of land and
160,935 km2 (62,137 sq mi) of water in Northern Canada.



Nunavut's highest point is Barbeau Peak (2,616 m (8,583 ft)) on
Ellesmere Island.



If Nunavut were a country, it would rank 15th in area.



Nunavut has land borders with the Northwest Territories on several islands as well as the mainland.

Map of Nunavut

Ethnic groups of Nunavut



Inuit: 69.54%



English: 26.75%



French: 1.27%



Inuinnaqtun: 1.02%

Climate of Nunavut
Nunavut have a polar climate, is a extreme cold climate.

Kugluktuk


Temperatures vary widely by community. The average temperature in
Kugluktuk is the warmest in Nunavut, sometimes rising to 30°C in the summer and ranging from -15°C to -40°C in the winter.

Grise Fiord


The coldest community in Nunavut is Grise Fiord, where summer temperatures can sometimes rise above freezing to 5°C and winter temperatures frequently drop to -50°C. Spring temperatures are more consistent throughout the territory, with average daytime highs between -20°C and -10°C.

Economy of Nunavut
Principal Economy activities:


Construction and services sector: the construction industry has flourished as it builds government offices and houses needed for the new government of Nunavut.



Tourism: contributes $50 million annually to Nunavut's economy, and is forecast to reach
$50 million this year because more visitors (18,000 up from 12,000) are expected to visit
Nunavut during its inaugural year.



Fur industry: traditionally a very important sector. Recently, there has been more interest from the fashion industry in seal fur designs and it's hoped this will help revive the sealing industry. 

Arts and crafts: estimated to contribute at least $20 million each year with 2,500 people earning some or all of their income from arts and crafts.



Fish: there are almost no fish but some inuit to the north sell fish to the rare tourists that visit that region

Important Landmarks

Inuksuk

Inuksuk:


Is a stone landmark or cairn built by humans, used by the Inuit, Inupiat, Kalaallit, Yupik, and other peoples of the Arctic region of North America. These structures are found from Alaska to Greenland. This region, above the Arctic Circle, is dominated by the tundra biome and has areas with few natural landmarks.

The Arvia'juaq and Qikiqtaarjuk National Historic Site

The Arvia'juaq and Qikiqtaarjuk National
Historic Site:


This national historic site is comprised of two portions: Arvia'Juaq and Qikiqtaaruk. Arvia'Juaq is a traditional summer camp of the Paallirmiut Inuit. It is a 5-km long island with two sections joined by an isthmus, and is located 8 km from the Hamlet of
Arviat…