Nursing Evidence Based Practice

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Evidence based practice (EBP) in nursing helps integrate improved practices that have been clinically proven as best exercise. Meaningful research can shine light on new practices needed for best patient outcome. The application of new processes learned from EBP can show competence and continual growth of learning in the nursing field. Historically, nursing processes have been based upon tradition instead of research grounded practices. Since nursing is evolving into more of a profession, the need for care directed by evidence based practice is applauded. The importance of EBP in nursing can improve patient outcomes and experiences while reducing potential harm to the patient.

What Is Evidence Based Practice Evidence based practice
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The routines of taking care of patients was simply learned by traditions pasted down from previous nurses. Around 1853 Florence Nightingale was among the first to recognize the importance of research in the distribution of nursing care Nightingale integrated certain sanitary reforms and observed the mortality rate from contagious disease in military hospitals drastically reduce. Although Nightingale had convincing evidence, the research tactic did not fully take off until the early 20th century when the first nursing research journals began to surface. These research publications were intended to spread the knowledge of the research being conducted and show the productivity of new implementations. In 1993 the National Institute of Nursing Research was founded has an institute and set in place the foundation of importance in nursing research (Blais & Hayes 2016). There are multiple different arguments why research based nursing practices are the best technique to approach how care is delivered; as stated in the mission statement of the National Institute of Nursing Research among the most important being to “prevent disease and disability, manage and eliminate symptoms caused by illness, and improve palliative and end-of-life care” (Blais & Hayes 2016 …show more content…
“Critiquing involves intensive scrutiny of a study, including its strengths and weaknesses, statistical and clinical significance, and the generalizability of the results” (Blais & Hayes 2016 p198). There are important fundamentals to be considered when beginning to critique research. Polit and Beck (2012) highlighted the main dimensions as substantive and theoretical, methodological, ethical, interpretive, and presentation and stylistic. For substantive and theoretical dimensions, the nurse evaluates the importance of the practice being explored, the suitable origins of the research, the theoretical framework of the study and how the information was obtained. The methodological dimension part of critiquing research looks at the design of the investigation, the availability of instruments used during the process, and the overall “appropriateness of the data analysis techniques used in the study” (Blais & Hayes 2016). Ethical dimensions is one that would be the easiest for most to evaluate because it looks at the rights of the patients and their experiences that were being studied. How the nurse looks and the framework of the study and its flow and relativity to the results obtained is the interpretive dimensions part of the critique process proposed by Polit and Beck (2012). The last part of this certain critique process is presentation and stylistic dimensions. This