NUR/518. Version 6
December 6, 2011
Time line 1850 -1955
Jamaican-born British nurse Mary Seacole established boarding housing for disabled Crimean War veterans. In 1854, Seacole went to England, and went to the War Office, where she wanted to serve as an army nurse in the Crimea and she was refused, (Lewis J., nd). She funded her own trip and established the British Hotel providing care for sick convalescent solders. Mother Seacole published her memoirs in 1857 and died May 14, (Seacole M., 1857).
In 1853 Florence Nightingale cares for the injured in the Crimean War. She became the director of a small charitable hospital in London. Britain went to war against Russia, and Florence Nightingale brought along 38 nurses with her, (Lewis J.J., nd). The British Army hospital was in appalling conditions and she went to work. She became a legendary compassionate nurse, and was dubbed "The Lady with the Lamp,” (Lewis J.J., nd).
Time line 1963-1990
In 1964 The Nurse Training Act was assigned into law. It was then that support of nursing became of age. At the signing President Lyndon Johnson said it was the most significant nursing legislation in the history of the country, (Rubenfeld G.M et. al.1981). This Act provided federal funds for nurse trainee seeking advancement. In 1966 it was amended as part of Allied Health Professional Training Act, (Rubenfeld G.M. et. al. 1981).
In 1975 The National Association of Hispanic Nurses (NAHN) founded in 1975 by Ildaura Murillo Rhode, RN, Ph. D. It evolved out of the Ad Hoc Committee of the Spanish Surnamed Nurses’ Caucus, which was formed during the American Nurses Association convention in San Francisco in 1974. In 1976, the organization became the National Association of Spanish-Speaking/Spanish Surnamed Nurses, which later renamed the National Association of Hispanic Nurses in 1979 according to NAHN (nd).
Time Line 1982-1992
Men are allowed to attend nursing schools. July 1, 1982 the Mississippi University for Women disobeyed Hogan's constitutional right by barring his admission to its nursing school, (Hogan J. 2001). The Court found that men as well as women are constitutionally protected against gender discrimination. In 1979 Joe Hogan became a surgical nurse and nursing supervisor in a medical center in Columbia, Mississippi, (Hogan J. 2001). In 1971 American Assembly for Men in Nursing, organized to support and promote men in American nursing. It was originally named the National Male Nurse Association; the organization became the American Assembly for Men in Nursing in 1980, (Thunderwolf, 2005). Male Nurse In 1971, Steve Miller, saw the need for an organization for men in nursing and formed a group of like-minded men in Michigan (Thunderwolf, 2005).
Time line 1993 to present
In 2003 Minority Nurses Coalition is founded; the National Black Nurses Association (NBNA) became one of the fifth origin organizations of the National Coalition of Ethnic Minority Nurse Associations, (NBNA, 2005). Dr. Betty Smith Williams is the NCEMNA president and a past NBNA president. NBNA holds membership on multiple national and federal consultative committees as it gives voice to 350,000 minority nurses, (NBNA, 2005). In 2010 the U.K. Nursing and Midwifery Council currently registers