Use grid below to complete the Week 4-Nursing Theorists assignment. Please see the “Nursing Theorists’ Grading Criteria” document, located on the Materials page of the student Web site.
Theorist Selected: Ida Jean Orlando Pelletier
Description of Theory: Ida Orlando developed the theory that nurses are people who act deliberately. “Orlando’s theory is a reflective practice theory that is based on discovering and resolving problematic situations. If the problem is not discovered, it cannot be solved. The centrality of the patient is ever present when using Orlando’s theory (Schmieding, 1983).” Ida Jean Orlando's deliberative nursing process is a nursing theory that allows nurses to be …show more content…
“Freedom from mental or physical discomfort and feeling of adequacy and well-being contributed to health” (Alligood, 2010, p. 345). Orlando theory acknowledges the patient’s illness not only physical, also mental. The meta-paradigm for health is an understanding of the deliberative nursing theory philosophy that would be to keep the patient free from discomfort, pain, suffering, or emotional distress (Orlando, 1961; Alligood, 2010, p. 343). Mentor and educators have an obligation to teach deliberately and instruct the nurse on how to relieve the patient’s suffering or discomfort. It is by experience that the nurse will identify mental and physical problems of the patient, and which intervention he or she will use.
The professional nurse discovers the problem and brings the resolution to the patient. The nurses uses critical thinking and his or her listening skills to bring about a resolution to the patient’s problem (Alligood, 2010, p. 343) Orlando’s theory was used in an extended care facility in which two different female patients were on the call light. One of the women was calling for anything, and the other was removing is oxygen constantly (Faust, 2002). “Using Orlando’s theory, Faust’s staff was able to determine what the women were thinking as well as the reasons for their actions. Faust noted that the use of research-based evidence to guide interventions with patients