Fat has always been looked at as bad, but it is only bad if one doesn’t understand the different types of fat and how they work or the importance of keeping your fat intake at a moderate level. Fat contains a certain amount of calories, which we need. But an excessive amount of fat or calorie intake can lead to weight gain or obesity. Fats are categorized as the “bad fats” which include saturated and trans-fats. Then there are the “better fats”, which are unsaturated fats, monounsaturated fats and polyunsaturated fats fall under the unsaturated category. The “bad fats” are not good for the body but are found in most foods like meat and dairy products. A large amount of these fats could result in high cholesterol levels. Saturated fats have a chemical makeup in which the carbon atoms are saturated with hydrogen atoms. Saturated fats are typically solid at room temperature. Unsaturated fats most of the fat that you eat should come from unsaturated sources: polyunsaturated fats and monounsaturated fats. In general, nuts, vegetable oils, and fish are sources of unsaturated fats(http://www.cdc.gov). Trans fatty acids is also found in many foods, trans fatty acids cam be very harmful to the body increasing cardiovascular health problems. Fiber is another substance that is needed to help the body maintain a certain balance and that helps promote a healthy lifestyle . Fiber initially helps with digestion and regulation of the digestive system and it also helps with lowering cholesterol. There are two types of fiber, soluble(dissolves in water) and insoluble(doesn’t dissolve in water) fiber, both are good for the body in their own way. Soluble fiber helps with lowering…
Dietary Fiber: Definitions
a. Dietary Fiber Description
Many consumers today have heard of dietary fiber and may even take supplements for it, but few know what fiber actually is. Over the years the definition of dietary fiber has changed and fluctuated between describing attributes from a plant source to those including the physiological effects (Pyler and Gorton 2008]. Fiber as a source is found in the cell wall of plants. The cell walls of plants are made out of…
Unhealthy and Healthy Fats
There are four major dietary fats, two are considered to be unhealthy fats and two are
healthy fats and they all have different chemical structures and physical properties. The
unhealthy fats consist of saturated fats and trans-fats; the healthy fats are monounsaturated and
polyunsaturated. Saturated fats occur naturally within the body and raise the HDL (high
density lipids). HDL cholesterol is often called “good cholesterol” because high levels of HDL
we cannot do this because we do not have the proper Ph balance to
break down raw meat in our stomachs. Without all of the proper tools and without cooking the
meat first, we become unable to safely eat it. “Humans and other herbivores have
carbohydrate digestive enzymes in their saliva, meaning that our bodies were created for
breaking down fruits and vegetables.” Another clue to us being herbivores is the way that we
chew our food. When we chew our food, we chew from side to side, or in…
Carbohydrates are the main energy source for the human body. The primary function of carbohydrates is to provide energy for the body, especially the brain and the nervous system. An enzyme called amylase helps break down carbohydrates into glucose(blood sugar), which is used for energy by the body.
When carbohydrates are in our body, they are being broken down and used as energy. When the body does not need to use the carbohydrates for the energy, it stores them into the…
eating disorders and weight management. The first page was nationaleatingdisorders.org and was information about anorexia nervosa. I then visited an overeating website as well as an article on heavy Americans speaking out against criticism and showing “fat pride”. Lastly were stories on the procedures and histories of obesity surgeries. All of these were very educational on their topics.
Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder in which individuals do not eat enough food and are obsessed with weight loss…
Saturated And Unsaturated Fat
Hydrocarbon chain saturated with hydrogen
Molecule contains only single bonds
Hydrocarbon chain not saturated with hydrogen
at least one double bond in molecule
Monounsaturated has one double bond
Polyunsaturated has more than one double bond
can become saturated during hydrogenation process
Physical State At Room Temperature
Solid (Trans Fats & Saturated Fats); stable
June 21, 2000
Body fat composition is necessary for organs and to keep us warm at during cold months. Women carry more body fat than men do. Also there are techniques to determine body fat and commonly men want to be 8% to 20 % body fat and woman need to be around 21% to 33% body fat. When we age body fat increases and lean body mass decrease this won’t change appearance. This means that you could weigh the same as an older adult but you have over time…
Understand Your Fats and Fiber
According to the “Face the Fat’s” section on the American Heart Association web site bad fats are saturated and trans fats and the better fats are monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats. Fish and Omega-3 oils are the best fats.
Saturated fats are triglycerides that contain only saturated fatty acids. A few examples of foods that contain large amounts of saturated fat are animal fats such as cream, cheese, butter, ghee, lard, and fatty meats. Also included are certain…
Chicken without skin
Low fat dairy products
Beans and nuts
• Carbohydrates, along with fats and proteins, are one of the
three main classes of food. Carbohydrates are organic
compounds consisting mainly of sugars, starches and fiber.
Plants make carbohydrates during photosynthesis and store
them as any of the saccharides (sugars) described below. They
are used primarily for energy in the body. If carbohydrate isn't
used in short order, it is stored. A certain…
Chicken Sandwich (without any sauce)
400 calories, 3.5 grams fat (8% calories from fat), 1 g saturated fat, 0 g trans fat, 55 mg cholesterol, 1120 mg sodium, 65 g carbohydrate, 6 g fiber, and 30 g protein.
Fat: 3.5 grams
12% fat. It’s important to consume less than 30% of your calories from fat. This item contains 3% saturated fat. Limit saturated fat to 10% of total calories daily.
49% of calories are from carbohydrate.
Sodium: 940 milligrams
People with diabetes often have high…