The Equality Act 2010.
The Equality Act is a law that came into effect in October 2010 and protects people from being discriminated against because of: race sex sexual orientation disability age (in certain situations) caring responsibilities (in certain situations) religion or belief being transsexual being pregnant or just having had a baby being married or in a civil partnership (in certain situations)
Before the Equality Act, several different laws protected people from discrimination. The Equality Act replaces these, including most of the Disability Discrimination Act. It also strengthens the law in certain situations, including increased protection for disabled people, and new measures protecting the carers of elderly or disabled people.
The Human Rights Act 1998, came into force in the United Kingdom in October 2000. It is composed of a series of sections that have the effect of codifying the protections in the European Convention on Human Rights into UK law.
The Act sets out the fundamental rights and freedoms that individuals in the UK have access to. They include:
Right to life
Freedom from torture and inhuman or degrading treatment
Right to liberty and security
Freedom from slavery and forced labour
Right to a fair trial
No punishment without law
Respect for your private and family life, home and correspondence
Freedom of thought, belief and religion
Freedom of expression
Freedom of assembly and association
Right to marry and start a family
Protection from discrimination in respect of these rights and freedoms
Right to peaceful enjoyment of your property
Right to education
Right to participate in free elections
The Mental Capacity Act 2007 provides a framework to empower and protect people who may lack capacity to make some decisions for themselves.
The Mental Capacity Act makes clear who can take decisions in which situations, and how they should go about this. Anyone who works with or cares for an adult who lacks capacity must comply with the Mental Capacity Act when making decisions or acting for that person.
This applies whether decisions are life changing events or more every day matters and is relevant to adults of any age, regardless of when they lost capacity.
The underlying philosophy of the Mental Capacity Act is to ensure that those who lack capacity are empowered to make as many decisions for themselves as possible and that any decision made, or action taken, on their behalf is made in their best interests.
The five key principles in the Act are:
Every adult has the right to make his or her own decisions and must be assumed to have capacity to make them unless it is proved otherwise.
A person must be given all practicable help before anyone treats them as not being able to make their own decisions.
Just because an individual makes what might be seen as an unwise decision, they should not be treated as lacking capacity to make that decision.
Anything done or any decision made on behalf of a person who lacks capacity must be done in their best interests.
Anything done for or on behalf of a person who lacks capacity should be the least restrictive of their basic rights and freedoms.
B, An individual has the risk of being abused or neglected. Social care workers run the risk of being sued, and this has financial implications. Money spent on pay-outs for neglect/abuse means there is less money for a service, which is often under-funded anyway. Any deviation from legislation brings the profession into disrepute, resulting in a loss of public confidence.
C, Inclusive practice includes all factions instead of limiting the scope of the practice. As a result, diversity is accomplished. Only with diversity can equality be gained for all.
D, Lead by example Ensure they can life a fulfilling and healthy lifestyle, ensure they have skill development opportunities see they can have meaning full relationships with Friends and family encourage meaningful