Obesity and Health Perception / Management Smoking Essay

Submitted By Amanda-Decker
Words: 610
Pages: 3

Slide 9
VALUES/PATTERNS
White only individuals make up 47.1% of the population; Hispanic individuals make up 28.6% of the population; Black only individuals make up 19.3% of the population; Asian only individuals make up 2.7% of the population
45% of the community is associated with religious congregations - 37% Catholic; Southern Baptist 30%; United Methodist 12% and 21% Other (LDS, Jewish, Evangelical Lutheran, etc (More than 50 churches and two synagogues representing every major religious denomination are available in Galveston.)
Notes:
Research shows that while race influences ones health patterns and beliefs, that socioeconomics potentially have a greater impact. The median household income in Galveston is lower than the national average with 64.5% of the population making less than 44K per year.
There appears to be a large religious association in the Galveston community though greater than half of the population is either non-practicing, apatheist or agnostic. There is a wide variety of church groups offered and available in the community.

Slide10
Health Perception/Management
Smoking : Smoking remains a leading cause of death nationwide. In Texas (statewide) smoking is responsible for 24,500 annual deaths and 12.2 billion dollars in medical costs and lost productivity. In Galveston, 16% of the population is smokers
National rates of smoking are on the decline according to recent studies. Overall smoking prevalence declined from 2005 (20.9%) to 2012 (18.1%) (CDC, 2014)
Leading causes of death: heart disease, diabetes and malignant cancers.

NOTES:
The Health Department is increasing education as a means to decrease the rate of smoking. The Department of State Health Services is attempting to address this in a variety of methods to reduce their overall use of tobacco related products through education. Educating grades 4-12 on the dangers of smoking will be conducted statewide. As well as various youth lead programs including Texas Tobacco Free Kids Day activities.
An estimated 42.1 million people, or 18.1% of all adults (aged 18 years or older), in the United States smoke cigarettes. Cigarette smoking is more common among men (20.5%) than women (15.8%). And it remains the leading cause of death among
From 1999-2001, a study shows that three causes were clearly responsible for the highest numbers of excess deaths in Texas: acute myocardial infarction (heart attack) – 107, diabetes mellitus – 99,and malignant neoplasms (cancers) of trachea/bronchus/ lung – 69. These three causes and…