White only individuals make up 47.1% of the population; Hispanic individuals make up 28.6% of the population; Black only individuals make up 19.3% of the population; Asian only individuals make up 2.7% of the population
45% of the community is associated with religious congregations - 37% Catholic; Southern Baptist 30%; United Methodist 12% and 21% Other (LDS, Jewish, Evangelical Lutheran, etc (More than 50 churches and two synagogues representing every major religious denomination are available in Galveston.)
Research shows that while race influences ones health patterns and beliefs, that socioeconomics potentially have a greater impact. The median household income in Galveston is lower than the national average with 64.5% of the population making less than 44K per year.
There appears to be a large religious association in the Galveston community though greater than half of the population is either non-practicing, apatheist or agnostic. There is a wide variety of church groups offered and available in the community.
Smoking : Smoking remains a leading cause of death nationwide. In Texas (statewide) smoking is responsible for 24,500 annual deaths and 12.2 billion dollars in medical costs and lost productivity. In Galveston, 16% of the population is smokers
National rates of smoking are on the decline according to recent studies. Overall smoking prevalence declined from 2005 (20.9%) to 2012 (18.1%) (CDC, 2014)
Leading causes of death: heart disease, diabetes and malignant cancers.
The Health Department is increasing education as a means to decrease the rate of smoking. The Department of State Health Services is attempting to address this in a variety of methods to reduce their overall use of tobacco related products through education. Educating grades 4-12 on the dangers of smoking will be conducted statewide. As well as various youth lead programs including Texas Tobacco Free Kids Day activities.
An estimated 42.1 million people, or 18.1% of all adults (aged 18 years or older), in the United States smoke cigarettes. Cigarette smoking is more common among men (20.5%) than women (15.8%). And it remains the leading cause of death among
From 1999-2001, a study shows that three causes were clearly responsible for the highest numbers of excess deaths in Texas: acute myocardial infarction (heart attack) – 107, diabetes mellitus – 99,and malignant neoplasms (cancers) of trachea/bronchus/ lung – 69. These three causes and