Andres Acevedo Ms. Su Ying Yang ESOL-101 8 March 2013 Effects of Obesity Obesity is defined as an abnormally high and unhealthy proportion of body fat in the body; this is detected and measured with a formula based on weight and height known as the body mass index (BMI). Obesity one of the most common health problems in the United States. According to results from the 1999–2000 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) show that an estimated 64% of U.S. adults suffer from obesity (Stern and Kazaks 198). Obesity has different types of consequences such as social effect that mainly focusses the discrimination; health effects which are associated to many illnesses like type 2 diabetes, heart problems, and cancer. And psychological effects of obesity that include mental illnesses like eating disorders, mainly anorexia and bulimia. The principal social effect of obesity is discrimination, and the consequences of this social disassociation vary greatly. Individuals with obesity find issues arising from weight, including rejection from their partners, problems getting good jobs, and becoming involved in love relationship. Rejection from society because of obesity is best known in environments such as schools and sports clubs; both are due to the discrimination against obese people especially in schools where bullying is currently increasing. Discrimination in the workplace is due to the myths that obese people tend to be lazy, weak, unambitious, and failure-prone. Some people may also believe that society will associate them with those problems if their partner is an obese person. (Stern, Kazaks 110). Getting a stable job as a person suffering with obesity is difficult. People often underestimate obese people because they believe that they would not be able to work well or they would not be useful. One study found that 16% of employers reported they would never hire an obese individual, and 44% said they would hire the obese only in the rarest circumstances. This prejudgment prevents overweight people from being frequently employed and leaves them more susceptible to become employed with lower salaries. Obesity is especially detrimental to females; those who were overweight as adolescents completed fewer years of high school, had lower household incomes, and higher levels of poverty. Studies indicate women may experience more discrimination than men. (Evelyn 48). Due to the current standards of beauty in the United States it is very difficult for obese women and men to find partners. Wadden and Stunkard’s research conclude that “Students revealed that they would rather marry embezzlers, cocaine users, shoplifters, and blind persons than obese individuals. And other people preferred to have handicaps, including missing hands or facial disfigurements, than to be obese” (Qtd in Evelyn 46). Beyond the social effect, there are other types of effects of obesity such as health effects. The health effects of obesity are probably the most important and dangerous of all the effects of obesity, are principally diseases such as type 2 diabetes, heart problems and cancer. Type 2 diabetes is defined as a progressive metabolic disorder characterized by insulin resistance, insulin deficiency, and hyperglycemia. This is related to obesity since excess weight can cause resistance to insulin, the hormone that regulates blood sugar. When obesity causes insulin resistance, the blood sugar becomes elevated. Even moderate obesity could dramatically increase the risk of diabetes (Keller 79). Another health effect of obesity is that the leading cause of death in the United States for men and women are heart problems, particularly the coronary artery disease (CAD). Is defined as when the small blood vessels that supply blood and oxygen to the heart muscle become hardened, and eventually may become blocked and lead to a coronary event, for example a heart attack. The relationship between this disease and obesity, is that the…
NCHS Data Brief ■ No. 50 ■ December 2010
Obesity and Socioeconomic Status in Adults: United States, 2005–2008
cynthia l. ogden, ph.d.; molly m. lamb, ph.d.; margaret d. carroll, m.s.p.h.; and Katherine m. flegal, ph.d.
Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2005– 2008
• Among men, obesity prevalence is generally similar at all income levels, however, among non-Hispanic black and Mexican-American men those with higher income are more likely to be…
In the beginning they look terribly cute then grow and grow to become terribly obese. There is nothing cute about being obese. In fact, it is life-threatening. Children are called children for a reason, they still need the guidance and care of their parents or adults. Becoming obese takes time and it is incumbent upon the parents or the adults to make sure that their children grow up to be healthy individuals and not suffer the health and social consequences of obesity as adults…
Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have a negative effect on health, leading to reduced life expectancy and/or increased health problems. Obesity increases the likelihood of various diseases, particularly heart disease, type two diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea, certain types of cancer, and osteoarthritis. Obesity is most commonly caused by a combination of excessive food energy intake, lack of physical activity, and genetic…
they choose not to educate themselves, it is said ignorance is bliss.
Obesity-related conditions include heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes and certain types of cancer, some of the leading causes of preventable death.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hestat/obesity_child_07_08/obesity_child_07_08.htm (NCHS Health E-Stat
Prevalence of Obesity Among Children and Adolescents: United States, Trends 1963-1965 Through…
major behavioral risk
factors over the 1960-2010 period: smoking, obesity, heavy alcohol use, and unsafe use of motor vehicles,
firearms, and poisonous substances. These risk factors have moved in opposite directions. Reduced
smoking, safer driving and cars, and reduced heavy alcohol use have led to health improvements, which
we estimate at 1.82 years of quality-adjusted life. However, these were roughly offset by increased
obesity, greater firearm deaths, and increased deaths from poisonous substances…
This paper is our proposed plan for teaching those of all ages about obesity; its detrimental effects on the body, short and long term, and how to avoid associated problems, using a healthy varied eating plan and incorporating a daily exercise schedule. The health risks of obesity are the same for all people and the interventions for weight loss are also the same. These interventions are basic, eat healthy and be active. But educating communities and enabling them to make these changes…
Childhood obesity is on the rise and has become a national concern. Research has indicated that the diet of most children in the United States does not meet the Dietary Guidelines for Americans (Gleason). In the past 20 years, childhood obesity has doubled and adolescent obesity has tripled (US Department of Health and Human Services 46). Today, we see a different picture that is resulting in epidemic proportions – that of childhood obesity. One in five children are overweight…
Childhood Obesity 1
Influence of Race, Ethnicity and Culture on Childhood Obesity: Implications of Treatment and Prevention.
Eng. 122: English Composition II
Childhood Obesity 2
What is the relationship between childhood obesity and race, ethnicity, and culture and how relevant are the strengths and weaknesses of the treatments and preventions that are available for childhood obesity. This issue is very important for…
pleasure! It is impossible for someone not to eat. But, what do we eat? Obesity has been a controversial issue for several decades. And, obviously, it will become a bigger problem if we don’t do something about it. It is part of the American culture to have poor health habits. The statistics concerning obesity show how serious this problem has become in America. According to a National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) conducted in 2007-2008, the results show that an average of 17%…
parents. It is one of the reason why the diseases like obesity are so common in this days. Lack of taking care in general, and the lack of care, including diet particularly, lead to the diseases like obesity. To be obese means to be above one's normal weight. A person has traditionally been considered as obese if he or she has more than 20% over their ideal weight. According to Green, Hargrove, and Riley, in recent years the percentage of obesity in elementary school students grew exponentially and…