During World War II, France was taken over by Germany. The French people’s way of life, government, food, and freedom weren’t in their control anymore. Along the streets, pedestrians and busy cafes were replaced by strict Nazi officers and empty store fronts. Food shortages throughout the country left families starving. Women were left helpless and alone while their husbands were forced to work in factories in Germany. Jews were segregated, and sent to concentration camps where they were tortured and killed. All of these actions caused people to fight against the Nazi Germany occupation. The French Resistance soon arose and revolted against this takeover. Other allied countries fought for French’s freedom and the annihilation of Nazi Germany. In the end, Germany was forced out of France, and the French were freed. In the beginning of World War II, France, as well as the United Kingdom, was one of the first participants that attempted to take down Germany. After Germany’s invasion of Poland in 1939, these countries declared war. Beginning on May 10, 1940, Germany began to invade France and attempted to defeat it’s forces. Germany pushed through the Maginot Line, which was a line of concrete fortifications, and forced deeper into France as it began to collapse, arriving in Paris on June 14. Their commanders met with French officials, who wanted alliance with Germany, but Marshal Philippe Pétain, who was the chief official of France, sought out an armistice instead. On June 22, an armistice was signed between France and Germany, which stated that France was now divided into two zones: Northern France was to be occupied by Germany, while the south was to be under the control of the Vichy government. On June 18, 1940, Charles de Gaulle, a French General, gave a memorable speech to the French people on the BBC Radio telling them that "France has lost a battle, but France has not lost the war” (“WW2 People’s War”). The Vichy regime, lead by Philippe Pétain, was the French government from July 1940 to August 1944. Vichy France maintained full power only in the unoccupied southern Zone libre (free zone), while also having limited authority in the northern zone, the Zone occupée (occupied zone). Their policy and rules changed in tune with the fortunes of war. Vichy France was meant to be a temporary government while waiting for the conclusion of the war in the west ("Vichy France [French History]”). This government secretly collaborated with Nazi Germany on raids to capture Jews, which were organized by the French police. Although not as well known as the concentration camps in Germany, France had approximately forty nine camps that were in use during the occupation. Across France, Jews were required to wear a yellow badge, and while riding the Paris Métro, they were only allowed to ride in the last carriage. Thirteen thousand Jews living in Paris were victims of a mass arrest by pro Nazi French authorities, known as the Vel' d'Hiv Roundup. They were transported to Auschwitz where they were either tortured or killed. The goal of the Vel' d'Hiv Roundup was to lessen the Jewish population. Beginning at 4:00 a.m. on July 16, 1942, Jews were arrested according to records of the Préfecture de police. An unknown number of people escaped while being rounded up because of warnings from the French Resistance. Others were hidden by neighbors in basements, closets, and attics. Conditions for the arrested were harsh. They could take only a blanket, a sweater, a pair of shoes, and two shirts with them. Most families were split up and never reunited. At the end of World War II, only eight hundred Jews returned to France. For decades, the French government refused to apologize for the role of French policemen or for any other involvement in the Vel' d'Hiv Roundup. It was argued that the French Republic had been destroyed when Philippe Pétain instituted a new French State during the war, and that the
Jefferson couldn’t pass up a deal. Napoleon Bonaparte, France illustrious leader at that time, made this deal mostly for money. Two years later, he and Spain’s navies met the Lord of England, and his sale of Louisiana territory was not a sale anymore.
Robert Livingston and James Monroe closed on the sweetest real estate deal of the millennium when they signed the Louisiana Purchase Treaty in Paris on April 30, 1803. They were authorized to pay France up to $10 million for the port of New Orleans and…
the war. The United States defeated the Japanese in World War 2 and soon enough we saw North Vietnam a threat. Ho Chi Minh occupied North Vietnam and influenced by the ideology of communism. France went back to Vietnam because they disagreed with Ho Chi Minh’s and wanted to occupy them once more. In 1954 France lost its war with Ho Chi Minh and then settled a peace agreement. We then sent Diem to run control of the south. We supported Diem and wanted him to stay in control of the south because Ho was…
to the League of Nations - the Japanese invasion of Manchuria or the Italian invasion of Abyssinia?
On the 2nd October, 1935, Abyssinia was attacked by Italy. The war lasted a year in which Italy successfully defeated Abyssinia, leaving Italy to occupy their country for 5 years. To do this they used 400,000 men, modern weaponry, aerial bombardment and the use of poisonous gas. The war was a reflection of an embarrassing defeat that Italy had in 1895–1896 against Abyssinia, with the claim that they…
these doctors was founded in 1904 called The Canadian Army Medical Corps (CAMC). CAMC swelled in ranks during the war years. Through CAMC, over half of all of Canada’s doctors went to the battlefront and saved the lives of many injured soldiers in France and Belgium.
MY IDEA: We can be proud of the efforts of Canadian doctors, and of their bravery in going across the sea to treat wounded soldiers during WWI.
~!During the war, CAMC built both temporary and semi-permanent hospitals near the battlefront…
Number of deaths in World War I (1914-1918)
Russian Empire: 1,250,000
The United States: 117,000
The first battleground of World War II
September 1st, 1939 : The invasion of Poland
by Hitler forced France and Britain to declare
war on Germany
May 10th, 1940: Germany invades France.
May 22nd, 1940: Germany occupies the north
and west of France.
The Atlantic Wall
June 22nd, 1941: Over 3 million German troops
invaded Russia and, knowing…
midst of the English
Civil War and
execution of King
Charles I of England
when authority of the
monarch needed to
be reaffirmed in
France to avoid
Englishman who is
born during Spanish
Armada and lives
through English Civil
War. Tutors for
Family son and
travels much of
scientists. Hides in
France during Civil
War and likes
French society and
liberal Puritan who
lives during Glorious
Independence, or simply the Revolutionary War in the United States, began as a war between the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Thirteen Colonies, but gradually grew into a world war between Britain on one side and the newly formed United States, France, Netherlands and Spain on the other. The main result was an American victory and European recognition of the independence of the United States, with mixed results for the other powers.
The war was the result of the political American Revolution.…
Black Robe' Movie Critique
Black Robe' is the story of a young Jesuit Priest from France who embarks on a religious journey to convert, to Christianity, the Aboriginal tribes of New France. Set primarily in Ontario during the mid 1630's, Father Lafargue travels from Quebec via the Ottawa River to the home of the Huron people in what is now referred to as the Simcoe Region of South Central Ontario. He is aided by a band of Algonquin-speaking people, numbering roughly 20 and a young Frenchman…
Unfortunately, he was unable to after Japan bombed Pearl Harbor.
3- What happened on June 10, 1940?
Italy declares war on Britain and France and Norway surrenders to Germany.
4- What does FDR mean when talks (at Yalta) about the “unconditional surrender” of Germany?
Unconditional surrender is that Germany will be temporarily controlled by the United States, Britain and France in their own sections. Germany now has to demilitarize itself and make up for the destruction it has brought to its own country…
rulers arrived to create or expand African spheres of influence for their patrons. The European colonial powers shared one objective in their African colonies: exploitation. Some colonial powers were themselves democracies (the United Kingdom and France) while others were dictatorships (Portugal and Spain).
Colonialism transformed Africa. It made a tremendous impact in their every day ways of living and began to shape their identity. For instance, in Ghana, the Ashanti Kingdom still was fighting…