Oedipus’s Punishment Oedipus ends up deserving being banished from Thebes and living his life as a blind man even though his tragic fate that was set out for him wasn’t his fault. The Oracle of Delphi warned Oedipus that his fate would be to kill his father and marry his mother. If he had never tried to avoid his fate then he would have succeeded in making sure his fate never came true. Instead by leaving Corinth he ends up killing his father Laius in self-defense on the road to Thebes not knowing who he was. Then he solves the riddle of the sphinx saving Thebes from its curse and becomes the ruler of Thebes. While also marring Jocasta his mother not knowing she is his mother and fulfills his destiny. Thebes comes under a plague because of the wretched actions of Oedipus and the oracle tells him whomever killed King Laius must leave for it to end. Oedipus makes a promise to the people of Thebes to find out who killed King Laius and banish him from Thebes. He essentially banishes himself from Thebes not knowing it was King Laius who he killed. Jocasta his wife realizes whom Oedipus really is as well as what happened to Laius and kills herself. In this quote Oedipus comes to the realization of what he has done and is arguing for his innocence. “The man I murdered, he’d have murdered me! I am innocent! Pure in the eyes of the law, blind, unknowing, I, I came to this (Sophocles 614-16)!” He is trying to cope with what he has done and make excuses for himself. Oedipus eventually is broken by the realization and suicide if his wife that he gouges his eyes out for what he has done. Now
25 February 2015
Hamlet and Oedipus the King
According to Aristotle’s characteristics of a typical tragic hero, which are described in his Poetics, the tragic hero is the one that belongs to nobility or high class, does not wholly deserve his or her misfortunate, and partially responsible for his or her own hamartia, which is a tragic flaw that leads to the downfall of a hero. What is more, Aristotle points out that, “The change of fortune [of a tragic hero]…
Oedipus Rex: Question 1
Oedipus Rex is considered one of the greatest tragic plays to come from any of the ancient Greek playwrights as its lessons mirror societal troubles of the era. It projects certain cultural values and morals onto the Athenian audience of the time through many different tragic conventions. Sophocles, the writer, was born near Athens between 497 and 495 BC and is considered a conservative as all his plays supported the idea of a polytheistic society and that we should not…
Professor S. Sharma
Elements of A Tragedy in
by Sophocles and Stockett:
The Art in A Tragedy
“Tragedy is the imitation of an action that is serious, complete, and of a certain
magnitude, in language embellished with each kind of artistic ornament, the several kinds being
found in separate parts of the play. Through pity and fear effecting the proper purgation of these
emotions” (Aristotle, trans. 1974, VI)…
Students should study English Literature because literature is part of our cultural heritage, literary works can be entertaining, beautiful, funny, or tragic. They can convey profundity of thought, for instance like 《Macbeth》shows that the destruction wrought when ambition goes unchecked by moral constraints. Each literature has a themes that the author wants to show.
Also students learn a lot of history and culture from the English literature. It takes them to new places…
Choose two schools of thought and provide a more detailed and evaluative account of the psychological issues that are reflected and emphasized in this period.
For the subject matter of my essay I have chosen to discuss and evaluate the key schools of thought of Behaviourism and Freud’s Psychoanalysis. Both these areas cover so much material and have had so much comment and critique that it has been a real challenge for me to keep to a restrained response; without…
Freud’s ideas remain influential even when they seem implausible. Why might this be?
Freud’s psychoanalytic thought laid the foundations for a modern understanding of unconscious mental processes; he believed that he was creating a new science, and attempted to keep his work as “scientific” as possible, tying it to biology and physiology when he could. He was the first to create and assert a systematic method of analysis into the evaluation of the mental processes of the human mind; he even attempted…
Bowlby suggests that impaired ability to relate to other could result in both affectionless psychopathy and psychologically immature characterised by inability to delay gratification which are related to later criminal behaviour, specifically the Oedipus complex can result in a number of unconscious criminal acts. (Bowlby, 1951) Moreover, Glueck and Glueck (1950)largely developed psychodynamic theory of delinquency and crime, which is he tentative causal formula reflecting Freudian ther and their…
existence of Oedipus Complex.
Evaluation: Difficult to generalise from a study with one subject, most other boys would not show the same anxiety as Hans. Freud was accused of interpreting the case to support his theory. Freud never met Hans so the evidence is unreliable. It later transpired that Hans had previously witnessed a horse and cad accident; perhaps classical conditioning is a better explanation for this fear.
Social Learning Theory
Bobo-Doll Experiment: Albert Bandura 1960’s
behaviour is learned through direct experience.
There are general laws of learning:
-classical conditioning (associating instinctive reflexes with new stimuli)
-operant conditioning (associating voluntary responses with consequences-Reinforcement/punishment.
There was a research studies carried out by Ivan Pavlov. He was a Russian psychologist who was researching the digestive system of dog. In the research he rang a bell and at the same time he presented the food to the dog. The dog was salivating…